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Epigenetic adaptation of the placental serotonin transporter gene (SLC6A4) to gestational diabetes mellitus


Blažević, Sofia Ana; Horvatiček, Marina; Kesić, Maja; Zill, Peter; Hranilović, Dubravka; Ivanišević, Marina; Desoye, Gernot; Štefulj, Jasminka
Epigenetic adaptation of the placental serotonin transporter gene (SLC6A4) to gestational diabetes mellitus // PLoS One, 12 (2017), 6; e0179934-e0179934 doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0179934 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Epigenetic adaptation of the placental serotonin transporter gene (SLC6A4) to gestational diabetes mellitus

Autori
Blažević, Sofia Ana ; Horvatiček, Marina ; Kesić, Maja ; Zill, Peter ; Hranilović, Dubravka ; Ivanišević, Marina ; Desoye, Gernot ; Štefulj, Jasminka

Izvornik
PLoS One (1932-6203) 12 (2017), 6; E0179934-e0179934

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Serotonin ; serotonin transporter ; SLC6A4 ; 5HTTLPR genotype ; epigenetics ; DNA methylation ; gestational diabetes mellitus ; placenta ; pregnancy

Sažetak
We tested the hypothesis that gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) alters the DNA methylation pattern of the fetal serotonin transporter gene (SLC6A4), and examined the functional relevance of DNA methylation for regulation of the SLC6A4 expression in the human placenta. The study included 50 mother-infant pairs. Eighteen mothers were diagnosed with GDM and 32 had normal glucose tolerance (NGT). All neonates were of normal birth weight and born at term by planned Cesarean section. DNA and RNA were isolated from samples of tissue collected from the fetal side of the placenta immediately after delivery. DNA methylation was quantified at 7 CpG sites within the SLC6A4 distal promoter region using PCR amplification of bisulfite treated DNA and subsequent DNA sequencing. SLC6A4 mRNA levels were measured by reverse transcription - quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR). Functional SLC6A4 polymorphisms (5HTTLPR, STin2, rs25531) were genotyped using standard PCR-based procedures. Average DNA methylation across the 7 analyzed loci was decreased in the GDM as compared to the NGT group (by 27.1%, p=0.037) and negatively correlated, before and after adjustment for potential confounder/s, with maternal plasma glucose levels at the 24th to 28th week of gestation (p<0.05). Placental SLC6A4 mRNA levels were inversely correlated with average DNA methylation (p=0.010) while no statistically significant association was found with the SLC6A4 genotypes (p>0.05). The results suggest that DNA methylation of the fetal SLC6A4 gene is sensitive to the maternal metabolic state in pregnancy. They also indicate a predominant role of epigenetic over genetic mechanisms in the regulation of SLC6A4 expression in the human placenta. Longitudinal studies in larger cohorts are needed to verify these results and determine to which degree placental SLC6A4 changes may contribute to long-term outcomes of infants exposed to GDM.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Biologija, Temeljne medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
HKS-2016-5

Ustanove
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb,
Hrvatsko katoličko sveučilište, Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:


  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


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