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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 874338

Comparison of fatty acids composition of three commercial fish species farmed in the Adriatic Sea


Pleadin, Jelka; Krešić, Greta; Lešić, Tina; Vulić, Ana; Barić, Renata; Bogdanović, Tanja; Oraić, Dražen; Legac, Ana; Zrnčić, Snježana
Comparison of fatty acids composition of three commercial fish species farmed in the Adriatic Sea // Conference Proceedings of 19th World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology
Lisabon, 2017. str. 713-713 (predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Comparison of fatty acids composition of three commercial fish species farmed in the Adriatic Sea

Autori
Pleadin, Jelka ; Krešić, Greta ; Lešić, Tina ; Vulić, Ana ; Barić, Renata ; Bogdanović, Tanja ; Oraić, Dražen ; Legac, Ana ; Zrnčić, Snježana

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
Conference Proceedings of 19th World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology / - Lisabon, 2017, 713-713

Skup
19th International Conference on Food Science, Sustainable Food Safety and Quality

Mjesto i datum
Lisabon, Portugal, 16-17.04.2017

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Dentex ; Fatty acids ; Farmed fish ; Sea bass ; Sea bream

Sažetak
Fish has been acknowledged as an integral component of a well-balanced diet, providing a healthy source of energy, high-quality proteins, vitamins, essential minerals and, especially, n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LC PUFA), mainly eicosapentaenoic acid (20:5 n-3 EPA), and docosahexaenoicacid, (22:6 n-3 DHA), whose pleiotropic effects in terms of health promotion and disease prevention have been increasingly recognised. In this study, the fatty acids composition of three commercially important farmed fish species: sea bream (Sparus aurata), sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) and dentex (Dentex dentex) was investigated. In total, 60 fish samples were retrieved during 2015 (n = 30) and 2016 (n = 30) from different locations in the Adriatic Sea. Methyl esters of fatty acids were analysed using gas chromatography (GC) with flame ionization detection (FID). The results show that the most represented fatty acid in all three analysed species is oleic acid (C18:1n-9, OA), followed by linoleic acid (C18:2n-6, LA) and palmitic acid (C16:0, PA). Dentex was shown to have two to four times higher eicosapentaenoic (EPA) and docosahexaenoic (DHA) acid content as compared to sea bream and sea bass. The recommended n-6/n-3 ratio was determined in all fish species but obtained results pointed to statistically significant differences (p<0.05) in fatty acid composition among the analysed fish species and their potential as a dietary source of valuable fatty acids. Sea bass and sea bream had a significantly higher proportion of n-6 fatty acids, while dentex had a significantly higher proportion of n-3 (C18:4n-3, C20:4n-3, EPA, DHA) fatty acids. A higher hypocholesterolaemic and hypercholesterolaemic fatty acids (HH) ratio was determined for sea bass and sea bream, which comes as the consequence of a lower share of SFA determined in these two species in comparison to dentex. Since the analysed fish species vary in their fatty acids composition consumption of diverse fish species would be advisable. Based on the established lipid quality indicators, dentex, a fish species underutilised by the aquaculture, seems to be a highly recommendable and important source of fatty acids recommended to be included into the human diet.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Veterinarska medicina, Biotehnologija, Prehrambena tehnologija