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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 87404

Assessment of chemotherapy-induced DNA damage in peripheral blood leukocytes of cancer patients using the alkaline comet assay


Kopjar, Nevenka; Garaj-Vrhovac, Vera; Milas, Ivan
Assessment of chemotherapy-induced DNA damage in peripheral blood leukocytes of cancer patients using the alkaline comet assay // Teratogenesis Carcinogenesis and Mutagenesis, 22 (2002), 1; 13-30 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Assessment of chemotherapy-induced DNA damage in peripheral blood leukocytes of cancer patients using the alkaline comet assay

Autori
Kopjar, Nevenka ; Garaj-Vrhovac, Vera ; Milas, Ivan

Izvornik
Teratogenesis Carcinogenesis and Mutagenesis (0270-3211) 22 (2002), 1; 13-30

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Antineoplastic drugs; microgel electrophoresis; biomarcer of exposure; cancer chemotherapy protocols; DNA lesions; second cancer risks; interindividual differences in response

Sažetak
The alkaline comet assay was employed to assess the pre- and post-treatment levels of in vivo DNA damage in peripheral blood leukocytes of cancer patients. During the study all patients were given antineoplastic drugs, mainly as polychemotherapy. To quantify the DNA damage, two different comet parameters were evaluated: the tail length and the tail moment. Our results indicate marked interindividual variations between baseline DNA damage in peripheral blood leukocytes recorded among cancer patients prior to the chemotherapy. After intravenous administration of various antineoplastic drugs a significantly increased level of DNA damage in all cancer patients compared to their pre-treatment values was recorded The highest level of DNA damage was seen following administration of 5-fluorouracil, adriamycin and cisplatin (FAP protocol). The results indicate that administration of antineoplastic drugs in standard protocols is accompanied by significant DNA damage in peripheral blood leukocytes. In order to diminish the potential risks of developing second neoplasms, a continuous biomonitoring of cancer patients after the ending of chemotherapy becomes important. Despite their limitations, present results confirm the usefulness of the alkaline comet assay as a sensitive biomarker of exposure that enables rapid and simple detection of primary DNA damage in peripheral blood leukocytes of cancer patients. Together with standard cytogenetic endpoints the comet assay provides a powerful technique for the routine detection of critical DNA lesions produced after administration of antineoplastic drugs in the clinical settings.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Javno zdravstvo i zdravstvena zaštita



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
00220107

Ustanove
Institut za medicinska istraživanja i medicinu rada, Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE