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Temporal variations analyses and predictive modeling of microbiological seawater quality


Vukić Lušić, Darija; Kranjčević, Lado; Maćešić, Senka; Lušić, Dražen; Jozić, Slaven; Linšak, Željko; Bilajac, Lovorka; Grbčić, Luka; Bilajac, Neiro
Temporal variations analyses and predictive modeling of microbiological seawater quality // Water research, 119 (2017), 160-170 doi:10.1016/j.watres.2017.04.046 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Temporal variations analyses and predictive modeling of microbiological seawater quality

Autori
Vukić Lušić, Darija ; Kranjčević, Lado ; Maćešić, Senka ; Lušić, Dražen ; Jozić, Slaven ; Linšak, Željko ; Bilajac, Lovorka ; Grbčić, Luka ; Bilajac, Neiro

Izvornik
Water research (0043-1354) 119 (2017); 160-170

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Bathing water quality ; Microbiological parameters ; E. coli ; Temporal variations ; Evaluation criteria ; Predictive models

Sažetak
Bathing water quality is a major public health issue, especially for tourism-oriented regions. Currently used methods within EU allow at least a 2.2 day period for obtaining the analytical results, making outdated the information forwarded to the public. Obtained results and beach assessment are influenced by the temporal and spatial characteristics of sample collection, and numerous environmental parameters, as well as by differences of official water standards. This paper examines the temporal variation of microbiological parameters during the day, as well as the influence of the sampling hour, on decision processes in the management of the beach. Apart from the fecal indicators stipulated by the EU Bathing Water Directive (E. coli and enterococci), additional fecal (C. perfringens) and non-fecal (S. aureus and P. aeriginosa) parameters were analyzed. Moreover, the effects of applying different evaluation criteria (national, EU and U.S. EPA) to beach ranking were studied, and the most common reasons for exceeding water-quality standards were investigated. In order to upgrade routine monitoring, a predictive statistical model was developed. The highest concentrations of fecal indicators were recorded early in the morning (6 AM) due to the lack of solar radiation during the night period. When compared to enterococci, E. coli criteria appears to be more stringent for the detection of fecal pollution. In comparison to EU and U.S. EPA criteria, Croatian national evaluation criteria provide stricter public health standards. Solar radiation and precipitation were the predominant environmental parameters affecting beach water quality, and these parameters were included in the predictive model setup. Predictive models revealed great potential for the monitoring of recreational water bodies, and with further development can become a useful tool for the improvement of public health protection.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Biologija, Temeljne tehničke znanosti, Javno zdravstvo i zdravstvena zaštita



POVEZANOST RADA


Ustanove
Institut za oceanografiju i ribarstvo, Split,
Hrvatski zavod za javno zdravstvo,
Medicinski fakultet, Rijeka,
Tehnički fakultet, Rijeka

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


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