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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 870180

The effects and molecular mechanisms of crown ethers on drug efflux pumps


Guberović, Iva; Marjanović, Marko; Ester, Katja; Mikecin, Ana- Matea; Martin-Kleiner, Irena; Šumanovac-Ramljak, Tatjana; Mlinarić-Majerski, Kata; Kralj, Marijeta
The effects and molecular mechanisms of crown ethers on drug efflux pumps // EACR24 Proceedings Book / Eggermont, Alexander MM (ur.).
Oxford: Elsevier, 2016. str. S112-S113 doi:10.1016/S0959-8049(16)61398-9 (poster, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


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Naslov
The effects and molecular mechanisms of crown ethers on drug efflux pumps

Autori
Guberović, Iva ; Marjanović, Marko ; Ester, Katja ; Mikecin, Ana- Matea ; Martin-Kleiner, Irena ; Šumanovac-Ramljak, Tatjana ; Mlinarić-Majerski, Kata ; Kralj, Marijeta

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
EACR24 Proceedings Book / Eggermont, Alexander MM - Oxford : Elsevier, 2016, S112-S113

Skup
24th Biennial Congress of the European Association for Cancer Research (EACR24)

Mjesto i datum
Manchester, Ujedinjeno Kraljevstvo, 9-12.07.2016

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
cancer stem cells ; ABC transporters ; P-gp ; crown ethers
(tumorske matične stanice ; ABC transporteri ; P-gp ; krunasti eteri)

Sažetak
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are regarded as a leading cause of cancer relapse due to their ability to reconstitute its heterogeneity even after tumor eradication. It has been suggested that CSC resistance to chemo- and radiotherapy could be related to enhanced survival pathways, decreased levels of reactive oxygen species and increased expression of drug efflux pumps. Nevertheless, related molecular mechanisms remain elusive. Recent research has pinpointed salinomycin, a naturally occurring potassium ionophore, as a promising compound for targeting CSCs. Moreover, several studies indicate that one of the mechanisms of action of salinomycin towards CSCs is the inhibition of P-gp drug efflux pump activity. Pertaining to the mentioned studies and results previously published by our group regarding anticancer activity of proprietary crown ethers that act as K+ ionophores, we hypothesized that these compounds could show selectivity towards CSC. Therefore, we set about to elucidate their mechanism of action, with the focus on the effect towards the function and activity of drug efflux pumps. Materials and Methods: The impact of compounds on the expression of P-gp was evaluated by Western Blot and qRT-PCR. Moreover, MTT, cell cycle and annexin V assays were used to determine the effect of compounds on cancer cells with respect to P-gp expression, while the functional activity of P- gp was evaluated by Rhodamine efflux assay. Mechanisms of action of tested compounds were evaluated by UIC2 shift assay, Western Blot and immunofluorescence. Results and Discussion: Cytotoxicity evaluated by MTT showed increased resistance of P-gp overexpressing cells to P-gp substrates (e.g. doxorubicine, paclitaxel), as expected. Results obtained by Rhodamine efflux assay showed strong P-gp inhibition by proprietary compounds, while combined treatment with paclitaxel indicated cell sensitization towards this chemotherapeutic. Additionally, implications of crown ether molecular mechanisms of action were obtained by UIC2 shift assay and by analysis of the impact of these compounds on P-gp expression and upstream regulators of this drug efflux pump. Conclusions: Results indicate stronger P-gp inhibition obtained by proprietary crown ether treatment than by the commercially available P- gp inhibitor, verapamil. Additionally, plausible molecular mechanisms of action of crown ether compounds will be presented.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Kemija, Biologija, Temeljne medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekti:
IP-2013-11-5660 - Mulitidisciplinarni pristup otkriću lijekova s ciljanim djelovanjem na matične stanice tumora – uloga transporta kalija (MultiCaST) (Kralj, Marijeta, HRZZ - 2013-11) ( POIROT)

Ustanove:
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb

doi

Citiraj ovu publikaciju

Guberović, Iva; Marjanović, Marko; Ester, Katja; Mikecin, Ana- Matea; Martin-Kleiner, Irena; Šumanovac-Ramljak, Tatjana; Mlinarić-Majerski, Kata; Kralj, Marijeta
The effects and molecular mechanisms of crown ethers on drug efflux pumps // EACR24 Proceedings Book / Eggermont, Alexander MM (ur.).
Oxford: Elsevier, 2016. str. S112-S113 doi:10.1016/S0959-8049(16)61398-9 (poster, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)
Guberović, I., Marjanović, M., Ester, K., Mikecin, A., Martin-Kleiner, I., Šumanovac-Ramljak, T., Mlinarić-Majerski, K. & Kralj, M. (2016) The effects and molecular mechanisms of crown ethers on drug efflux pumps. U: Eggermont, A. (ur.)EACR24 Proceedings Book doi:10.1016/S0959-8049(16)61398-9.
@article{article, editor = {Eggermont, A.}, year = {2016}, pages = {S112-S113}, DOI = {10.1016/S0959-8049(16)61398-9}, keywords = {cancer stem cells, ABC transporters, P-gp, crown ethers}, doi = {10.1016/S0959-8049(16)61398-9}, title = {The effects and molecular mechanisms of crown ethers on drug efflux pumps}, keyword = {cancer stem cells, ABC transporters, P-gp, crown ethers}, publisher = {Elsevier}, publisherplace = {Manchester, Ujedinjeno Kraljevstvo} }
@article{article, editor = {Eggermont, A.}, year = {2016}, pages = {S112-S113}, DOI = {10.1016/S0959-8049(16)61398-9}, keywords = {tumorske mati\v{c}ne stanice, ABC transporteri, P-gp, krunasti eteri}, doi = {10.1016/S0959-8049(16)61398-9}, title = {The effects and molecular mechanisms of crown ethers on drug efflux pumps}, keyword = {tumorske mati\v{c}ne stanice, ABC transporteri, P-gp, krunasti eteri}, publisher = {Elsevier}, publisherplace = {Manchester, Ujedinjeno Kraljevstvo} }

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


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