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Arbutin and its metabolite hydroquinone as the main factors in the antimicrobial effect of strawberry tree (Arbutus unedo L.) leaves


Jurica, Karlo; Gobin, Ivana; Kremer, Dario; Vitali Čepo, Dubravka; Jurišić Grubešić, Renata; Brčić Karačonji, Irena; Kosalec, Ivan
Arbutin and its metabolite hydroquinone as the main factors in the antimicrobial effect of strawberry tree (Arbutus unedo L.) leaves // Journal of Herbal Medicine, 8 (2017), 17-23 doi:10.1016/j.hermed.2017.03.006 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Arbutin and its metabolite hydroquinone as the main factors in the antimicrobial effect of strawberry tree (Arbutus unedo L.) leaves

Autori
Jurica, Karlo ; Gobin, Ivana ; Kremer, Dario ; Vitali Čepo, Dubravka ; Jurišić Grubešić, Renata ; Brčić Karačonji, Irena ; Kosalec, Ivan

Izvornik
Journal of Herbal Medicine (2210-8033) 8 (2017); 17-23

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Arbutus unedo leaves ; antioxidative properties ; antimicrobial activity ; arbutin ; hydroquinone ; urinary pathogens

Sažetak
Strawberry tree (Arbutus unedo L.) leaves are used in folk medicine for treating inflammation, hypertension, and diabetes. The aims of this study were to evaluate the antimicrobial effects of A. unedo leaf extracts on 15 uropathogens and test the extent to which arbutin, as the most abundant bioactive compound in the leaves, is responsible for their antimicrobial activity. Antimicrobial activity of leaf extracts against urinary pathogenic microorganisms was tested by agar well diffusion assay and twofolded microdilution method. Since the polyphenolic content responsible for A. unedo leaves’ antimicrobial activity depends on climate and geolocation, we determined the total phenolic, tannin, flavonoid and phenolic acid content using spectrophotometric methods, arbutin and hydroquinone mass fraction using high performance liquid chromatography coupled with a diode array detector (HPLC-DAD) and antioxidative activities by FRAP, ABTS, and DPPH assay. Although methanol was shown to be a more effective solvent for the extraction of polyphenols from leaves, water extract which could be used in clinical practice, exhibited similar antimicrobial properties. While arbutin did not show direct antimicrobial activity, its metabolite hydroquinone showed strong antimicrobial activity against the tested uropathogens. The strongest antimicrobial activity of leaf extracts was detected for uropathogenic strains of Enterococcus faecalis, which was probably associated with the ability of bacterial β-glucosidase, exerting strong activity in E. faecalis, to convert arbutin to hydroquinone. Our study suggests that strawberry tree water leaf extract has great potential as a phytotherapeutic in clinical application and should be further investigated.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Kliničke medicinske znanosti, Javno zdravstvo i zdravstvena zaštita, Farmacija



POVEZANOST RADA


Ustanove
Farmaceutsko-biokemijski fakultet, Zagreb,
Institut za medicinska istraživanja i medicinu rada, Zagreb,
Medicinski fakultet, Rijeka

Časopis indeksira:


  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus


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