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The relationship between platinum drug resistance and epithelial–mesenchymal transition


Brozović, Anamaria
The relationship between platinum drug resistance and epithelial–mesenchymal transition // Archives of toxicology, 91 (2017), 2; 605-619 doi:10.1007/s00204-016-1912-7 (međunarodna recenzija, pregledni rad, znanstveni)


Naslov
The relationship between platinum drug resistance and epithelial–mesenchymal transition

Autori
Brozović, Anamaria

Izvornik
Archives of toxicology (0340-5761) 91 (2017), 2; 605-619

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, pregledni rad, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Epithelial–mesenchymal transition ; Cisplatin ; Platinum drugs ; Drug resistance ; Tumour

Sažetak
One of the most commonly used chemotherapeutics, platinum drugs are used to treat a wide range of cancer types. Although many cancers initially respond well to those drugs, drug resistance occurs frequently and different molecular mechanisms have been associated with it. However, predictive biomarkers of cellular response in specific tumour types still do not exist. Epithelial– mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a malignant cancer phenotype characterised by aggressive invasion and metastasis, and resistance to apoptosis. Recent studies indicate that EMT accompanies the development of drug resistance to a number of cancer chemotherapies. The link between these two phenomena is still not elucidated, although several important molecules involved in both these complex processes, such as transcription factors (SNAIL, TWIST, ZEB, etc.) and miRNAs (miRNA-200 family, miR-15, miR- 186, etc.) have been recognised as important. This article reviews numerous unresolved issues regarding platinum drugs resistance and EMT, the complexity of the signalling networks that regulate those two phenomena and their importance in tumour response and spreading which are becoming focuses of interest of many scientists. This article also presents molecules involved in platinum resistance and EMT as possible targets for new cancer therapy.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Biologija, Temeljne medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Ustanove
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb

Autor s matičnim brojem:
Anamaria Brozović, (229956)

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


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