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Population density, habitat dynamic and aerial survival of relict cave bivalves from genus Congeria in the Dinaric karst


Jovanović Glavaš, Olga; Jalžić, Branko; Bilandžija, Helena
Population density, habitat dynamic and aerial survival of relict cave bivalves from genus Congeria in the Dinaric karst // INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPELEOLOGY, 46 (2017), 1; 13-22 doi:10.5038/1827-806X.46.1.2020 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Population density, habitat dynamic and aerial survival of relict cave bivalves from genus Congeria in the Dinaric karst

Autori
Jovanović Glavaš, Olga ; Jalžić, Branko ; Bilandžija, Helena

Izvornik
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPELEOLOGY (0392-6672) 46 (2017), 1; 13-22

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Cave animals ; Dreissenidae ; Bivalvia ; temperature ; water level ; aerial survival ; population size

Sažetak
Caves are some of the least-known ecosystems on Earth and long-term ecological studies and population size estimates are very rare. Genus Congeria is a Tertiary relict that comprises three species from Dinaric karst area ; C. kusceri, C. jalzici and C. mulaomerovici, each with very limited distribution. They are the only known cave bivalves and in contrast to many other cave species, they form populations with high densities. We estimated that the population of C. kusceri in Jama u Predolcu is between 72, 454 and 72, 906 individuals. The highest density occurred between one and three meters depth, and reached maximum of 1, 625 individuals per square meter. Here we also present the results of a two-year water temperature and water level survey in several C. kusceri and C. jalzici localities. Data loggers showed that C. jalzici occurs in colder caves and higher water level oscillations then C. kusceri. From our data, it is obvious that the natural hydrological conditions in Congeria habitats were seriously altered. This and a series of other threats led to Congeria species being highly endangered. During low water levels, a part of the bivalve population becomes exposed to air in most localities. Uniquely, they are active during that period and are able to survive those conditions for more than 2 months.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Geologija, Biologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Ustanove
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb,
Sveučilište u Osijeku - Odjel za biologiju

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus


Uključenost u ostale bibliografske baze podataka:


  • Geobase
  • GeoRef
  • Zoological Record
  • Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Cambridge Scientific Abstracts
  • SCOPUS


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