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Towards an ontology based approach for publishing studies analysis

Pehar, Franjo; Peša-Pavlović, Nikolina; Krešimir, Zauder
Towards an ontology based approach for publishing studies analysis // By the Book: the book and the study of its digital transformation
Firenca, Italija, 2016. str. - (predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, neobjavljeni rad, znanstveni)

Towards an ontology based approach for publishing studies analysis

Pehar, Franjo ; Peša-Pavlović, Nikolina ; Krešimir, Zauder

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, neobjavljeni rad, znanstveni

By the Book: the book and the study of its digital transformation

Mjesto i datum
Firenca, Italija, 23-24.06.2016.

Vrsta sudjelovanja

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Publishing studies ; Ontology ; Domain analysis ; Corpus analysis ; Discourse analysis

The global academic community, body of teaching staff, students and researchers, wide- range of (peer-reviewed) publications (books, textbooks, journals) and conferences, all this suggests that publishing studies has characteristics of an academic discipline. As a multidisciplinary and professionally oriented area of study, publishing studies draws on many disciplines (history, philosophy, literature, anthropology, business/commerce, marketing, sociology, information science, etc.) and sits in many associated departments (publishing, communication and media, journalism, language, writing, library and information science, information management etc.) and faculties (arts, humanities, social sciences, engineering, technology, etc.). The existing body of knowledge and research output of publishing studies is dispersed across different disciplinary areas and related sources. At the same time publishing is a requirement of almost any academic area of study which makes it even harder to capture and organize publishing studies (re)sources in a consistent and uttermost way. With the advancement of (semantic) web technologies, the publishing studies discipline and publishing industry is at a stage where intelligent knowledge management systems and solutions can be used in support of creating consistent semantic representation of publishing knowledge and practices. Existing representations, in the form of general purpose classification systems and vocabularies, lack effective modeling of publishing concepts’ semantics as a fundamental requirement for human- and computer-based exchange of knowledge. This paper presents the results of a pilot project oriented towards creation of a domain ontology for publishing/publishing studies (ontoPS) by creating a terminological database with the purpose of enabling ontological modelling and subsequent creation of various controlled vocabularies such as thesauri and web ontologies. As a first step a domain specific taxonomy of publishing/publishing studies was established by utilizing existing classification systems and vocabularies (lexicons, dictionaries, thesauruses etc.). Next, domain specific vocabulary (i.e. "expert jargon") for a representative sample of publishing studies publications was extracted from relevant bibliographic data and full- texts (journals, text/books, etc.). Relevant vocabularies from related fields were also identified, gathered and included. Based on this corpus, a rich dataset of used terms was extracted. Next, a terminology database was constructed which connects the extracted terms to additional metrics such as frequency of use (title, abstract and keywords), indicators of spread (across papers, publications and authors) and presence in relevant controlled vocabularies as well as to linguistic data such as frequency of use and phrase recognition in standard English. In this phase, qualitative methodology was introduced through expert review, selection, classification and interconnection of terms as represented in the database. In the last phase of the pilot study, the preliminary scope for desired vocabularies was defined and first versions of publishable vocabularies were created. Results were subsequently evaluated in cooperation with relevant experts and database was prepared for further work mainly aimed at domain description and in-depth definition and production of purpose-based controlled vocabularies.

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