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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 843918

A field study of interfacial friction and entrainment in a microtidal salt-wedge estuary


Krvavica, Nino; Travaš, Vanja; Ožanić, Nevenka
A field study of interfacial friction and entrainment in a microtidal salt-wedge estuary // Environmental fluid mechanics, 16 (2016), 6; 1223-1246 doi:10.1007/s10652-016-9480-1 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
A field study of interfacial friction and entrainment in a microtidal salt-wedge estuary

Autori
Krvavica, Nino ; Travaš, Vanja ; Ožanić, Nevenka

Izvornik
Environmental fluid mechanics (1567-7419) 16 (2016), 6; 1223-1246

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Estuaries ; Stratified flow ; Salt-wedge ; Two-layer model ; Interfacial friction ; Entrainment

Sažetak
The interfacial friction and entrainment were investigated in a microtidal salt-wedge estuary. A detailed sampling campaign was conducted in the Rječina River estuary in Croatia from January 2014 to June 2015. The observed vertical profiles of salinity s and temperature T confirmed the presence of a highly stratified estuary, represented by an upper layer of freshwater separated from a lower salt-wedge by a sharp density interface. The entrainment rate E across the interface was estimated by a two-layer box-model, based on the observed freshwater flow rate Q and layer-averaged salinity. Interfacial friction factor λi was estimated by fitting the results of a numerical model to the observed interface depths. For this purpose we applied a numerical two-layer shallow water model extended to account for irregular non-prismatic cross sections of the channel. We found that in microtidal conditions, the strength of the stratification is reduced with increasing Q. Furthermore, we found that as Q increases, so does the shear velocity, the interfacial friction factor and the vertical mixing across the interface. More detail analysis showed that E may be parametrized by bulk non-dimensional parameters, in particular, a combination of bulk Richardson number Ri and average friction factor λ, which accounts for the channel bed friction and the interfacial friction. On the other hand, λi can be linked to a combination of Reynolds number Re and bulk Richardson Ri. Contrary to previous studies, we showed that in field conditions, λi may increase with Re.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Građevinarstvo



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
114-0982709-2549 - HIDROLOGIJA OSJETLJIVIH VODNIH RESURSA U KRŠU (Nevenka Ožanić, )

Ustanove
Građevinski fakultet, Rijeka

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus


Uključenost u ostale bibliografske baze podataka:


  • AGRICOLA
  • Geobase


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