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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 843438

Genotoxic potential of selected cytostatic drugs in human and zebrafish cells


Gajski, Goran; Gerić, Marko; Žegura, Bojana; Novak, Matjaž; Nunić, Jana; Bajrektarević, Džejla; Garaj-Vrhovac, Vera; Filipič, Metka
Genotoxic potential of selected cytostatic drugs in human and zebrafish cells // Environmental science and pollution research international, 23 (2016), 14739-14750 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Genotoxic potential of selected cytostatic drugs in human and zebrafish cells

Autori
Gajski, Goran ; Gerić, Marko ; Žegura, Bojana ; Novak, Matjaž ; Nunić, Jana ; Bajrektarević, Džejla ; Garaj-Vrhovac, Vera ; Filipič, Metka

Izvornik
Environmental science and pollution research international (0944-1344) 23 (2016); 14739-14750

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Cytostatic drugs; Environmental concentrations; Zebrafish liver cells; HepG2 cells; Human lymphocytes; Genotoxicity

Sažetak
Due to their increasing use, the residues of antineoplastic drugs have become emerging pollutants in aquatic environments. Most of them directly or indirectly interfere with the cell’s genome, which classifies them into a group of particularly dangerous compounds. The aim of the present study was to conduct a comparative in vitro toxicological characterisation of three commonly used cytostatics with different mechanisms of action (5-fluorouracil [5-FU], cisplatin [CDDP] and etoposide [ET]) towards zebrafish liver (ZFL) cell line, human hepatoma (HepG2) cells and human peripheral blood lymphocytes (HPBLs). Cytotoxicity was determined by 3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5- diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay and acridine orange/ethidium bromide staining. All three drugs induced time- and dose dependent decreases in cell viability. The sensitivity of ZFL and HepG2 cells towards the cytotoxicity of 5-FU was comparable (half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) 5.3 to 10.4 μg/mL). ZFL cells were more sensitive towards ET- (IC50 0.4 μg/mL) and HepG2 towards CDDP- (IC50 1.4 μg/mL) induced cytotoxicity. Genotoxicity was determined by comet assay and cytokinesis block micronucleus (CBMN) assay. ZFL cells were the most sensitive, and HPBLs were the least sensitive. In ZFL cells, induction of DNA strand breaks was a more sensitive genotoxicity endpoint than micronuclei (MNi) induction ; the lowest effective concentration (LOEC) for DNA strand break induction was 0.001 μg/mL for ET, 0.01 μg/mL for 5- FU and 0.1 μg/mL for CDDP. In HepG2 cells, MNi induction was a more sensitive genotoxicity endpoint. The LOEC values were 0.01 μg/mL for ET, 0.1 μg/mL for 5-FU and 1 μg/mL for CDDP. The higher sensitivity of ZFL cells to cytostatic drugs raises the question of the impact of such compounds in aquatic ecosystem. Since little is known on the effect of such drugs on aquatic organisms, our results demonstrate that ZFL cells provide a relevant and sensitive tool to screen genotoxic potential of environmental pollutant in the frame of hazard assessment.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Biologija, Temeljne medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
022-0222148-2125 - Mutageni i antimutageni u ekogenetičkim istraživanjima (Vera Garaj-Vrhovac, )
533-19-14-003
BI-HR/14/15-004
EK-FP7-265264 (EK - FP7-ENV-2010)
P1-0245

Ustanove
Institut za medicinska istraživanja i medicinu rada, Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE