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Overturning of multiple-block stack - dynamic sensitivity parameters and scaling effect


Čeh, Nina; Pellegrino, Antonio; Camenen, Jean-Francois; Bićanić, Nenad; Petrinić, Nik; Tuhtan, Miran
Overturning of multiple-block stack - dynamic sensitivity parameters and scaling effect // Proceedings of the 8th International Congress of Croatian Society of Mechanics / Kožar, Ivica ; Bićanić, Nenad ; Jelenić, Gordan ; Čanađija, Marko (ur.).
Rijeka: Croatian Society of Mechanics, 2015. (predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, cjeloviti rad (in extenso), ostalo)


Naslov
Overturning of multiple-block stack - dynamic sensitivity parameters and scaling effect

Autori
Čeh, Nina ; Pellegrino, Antonio ; Camenen, Jean-Francois ; Bićanić, Nenad ; Petrinić, Nik ; Tuhtan, Miran

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u zbornicima skupova, cjeloviti rad (in extenso), ostalo

Izvornik
Proceedings of the 8th International Congress of Croatian Society of Mechanics / Kožar, Ivica ; Bićanić, Nenad ; Jelenić, Gordan ; Čanađija, Marko - Rijeka : Croatian Society of Mechanics, 2015

ISBN
978-953-7539-21-4

Skup
8th International Congress of Croatian Society of Mechanics

Mjesto i datum
Opatija, Hrvatska, 29. 9. - 2. 10. 2015.

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Block dynamics; pulse base excitation; simulations; experimental validation; block overturning; non smooth contact dynamics

Sažetak
There is a general lack of well controlled benchmarks to validate predictive capabilities of computational simulations relevant for multiple-block structural configurations with clearances (DEM and non-smooth contact dynamics, NSCD). Closed form analytical benchmarks are largely restricted to 2D single or double rigid block stacks, typically concerned with rocking and overturning conditions due to harmonic or step base excitation. Herein both experimental and computational dynamic sensitivity study of multiple-block stacks subjected to pulse base excitation are examined. Advanced noncontact optical measuring technique (GOM Aramis and Pontos system and the associated processing software) have been applied to replace conventional measuring techniques. The NSCD simulation framework SOLFEC is adopted here, which effectively ignores the high frequency content of the contact interactions. Instead of a specified interpenetration-force relation, this paradigm employs the complementarity relation between the relative velocity and the contact impulse at an existing contact point. This velocity-impulse relation is added as an algebraic constraint to the implicitly integrated momentum balance and the ensuing nonlinear contact problem is therefore solved implicitly at every time. Series of test experiments were conducted in the Oxford Impact Engineering Laboratory on a bespoke platform for a controlled pulse base excitation. Impact is generated by a pin-ball mechanism attached to an optical bench, where the teflon guide and stopper were aligned to the impact device and also attached to the optical bench. Rubber cushions were used to control the shapes of the initial and reverse impact signal. Every experiment was recorded with Phantom or Photron video camera with frame rate of 2000 fps. Comparative SOLFEC analyses were conducted as a validation study. For the simulations the base was subjected to a constant acceleration of a finite duration until the required base velocity was achieved. Overturning modes in simulations and experiments were characterized as a function of projectile velocity (or indirectly by initial velocity of the base) and the stop gap distance. The conducted set of benchmarks for the validation of simulation paradigms for discontinuous media is believed to be valuable for researchers and code developers (NSCD, DEM, DDA), as well as for safety case engineers and industry regulators.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Građevinarstvo, Temeljne tehničke znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Ustanove
Građevinski fakultet, Rijeka,
Građevinski i arhitektonski fakultet Osijek

Autor s matičnim brojem:
Nina Čeh, (348442)
Nenad Bićanić, (3512)