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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 841714

Quantum Chemical Study of HOCl-Induced Transformations of Carbamazepine

Tandarić, Tana; Vrček, Valerije; Šakić, Davor
Quantum Chemical Study of HOCl-Induced Transformations of Carbamazepine // Organic & biomolecular chemistry, 14 (2016), 10866-10874 doi:10.1039/C6OB02166B (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)

Quantum Chemical Study of HOCl-Induced Transformations of Carbamazepine

Tandarić, Tana ; Vrček, Valerije ; Šakić, Davor

Organic & biomolecular chemistry (1477-0520) 14 (2016); 10866-10874

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
DFT ; psychopharmaceutical ; chemical fate ; chlorination

Antiepileptic drug carbamazepine (CBZ) is one of the most persistent pharmaceuticals in the environment. Its chemical fate is influenced by the type of wastewater treatment. This study sets out to determine the degradation mechanism and products in the reaction between CBZ and hypochlorous acid (HOCl), which is the main chlorinating species in water. In search for the most feasible pathways of HOCl-induced transformations of CBZ, a quantum chemical approach was employed. Chlorination and epoxidation of CBZ are two initial, competitive processes that result in two key intermediates: N-chloramide and 10, 11-epoxide. The calculated free energy barriers (∆G‡293) for these reactions are 105.7 and 95.7 kJ/mol resp., which is in agreement with the experimental energy barrier of 98.2 kJ/mol. All transformation products detected in chlorination experiments were located by computational models, and reaction mechanism underlying their formation was described in details. Different computational methods (density functional and ab initio theory) were applied, and the double hybrid B2-PLYPD functional was found superior in terms of efficiency and accuracy. Of special interest are oxoiminostilbene and formylacridine, which are the final products in the degradation cascade. Their exceptional thermodynamic stability, as predicted by quantum chemical methods, suggests that these structures should be considered as recalcitrants in chlorinated waters. Fruitful interplay between computational models and experimental data proves that quantum chemical approach can be used as a predictive tool in environmental degradation studies.

Izvorni jezik

Znanstvena područja
Kemija, Farmacija


Farmaceutsko-biokemijski fakultet, Zagreb,
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:

  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • Arts & Humanities Citation Index (A&HCI)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus