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The enhanced sensitivity of Acinetobacter baumannii strains resistant to bactericidal activity of normal human serum after exposure to the subminimal inhibitory concentrations of antibiotics


Bogdan, Maja; Drenjančević, Domagoj; Talapko, Jasminka; Antolovic Amidzic, Aurora; Vukovic, Dubravka
The enhanced sensitivity of Acinetobacter baumannii strains resistant to bactericidal activity of normal human serum after exposure to the subminimal inhibitory concentrations of antibiotics // ESCMID eLibrary - 26th European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases / ESCMID (ur.).
online: ESCMID, 2016. str. 73-73 (poster, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
The enhanced sensitivity of Acinetobacter baumannii strains resistant to bactericidal activity of normal human serum after exposure to the subminimal inhibitory concentrations of antibiotics

Autori
Bogdan, Maja ; Drenjančević, Domagoj ; Talapko, Jasminka ; Antolovic Amidzic, Aurora ; Vukovic, Dubravka

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
ESCMID eLibrary - 26th European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases / ESCMID - Online : ESCMID, 2016, 73-73

Skup
26th European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (26th ECCMID)

Mjesto i datum
Amsterdam, Nizozemska, 9-12. 4. 2016

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Acinetobacter baummanii ; serum sensitivity ; subMICs

Sažetak
Background: The aim of this study is to evaluate the in vitro effect of subminimal inhibitory concentrations (subMICs) of antibiotics on the sensitivity of Acinetobacter baumannii clinical isolates to the bactericidal activity of the normal human serum (NHS). Similar antibiotic’s subMICs effects was described previously but the role of the sub lethal antibiotics concentrations on the A. baumannii pathogenicity in the era of multiresistant strains is uncertain, especially with the last resort antibiotics or some other unconventional antibiotics which don’t render inhibitory concentrations and aren’t used for the treatment of A. baumannii infections. Material/methods: Sixty five non duplicate clinical isolates of A. baumannii, resistant to the bactericidal activity of the NHS were included in the study. They were exposed to the 1/2, 1/4, 1/8 and 1/16 of previously determined minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of imipenem, ampicillin/sulbactam, azithromycin, rifampicin and colistin. After the overnight exposure of the tested bacterial strains to the subMICs of antibiotics, suspensions were pelleted, twice washed in the phosphate buffered saline (PBS) and afterwards exposed to the bactericidal effect of the NHS at 37°C. After two hour exposure to the serum, 100 μl of the prepared suspension were transferred to Mueller- Hinton agar plate and overnight incubated at 37°C in aerobic conditions. The colony forming units (cfu) was determined and the percentage of the bacterial reduction was calculated in comparison to the bacterial suspensions exposed to the heat inactivated serum (HIS) within the same conditions (2 h/37°C/air). The reduction of the cfu ≥ 90% was considered as significant. Results: The observed frequencies of the enhanced bactericidal activity of NHS to tested A. baumannii strains after their exposure to the 1/2, 1/4, 1/8 and 1/16 concentrations of MIC are presented in Table 1. Conclusions: The results of this study indicate that the subminimal inhibitory concentration of ampicillin/sulbactam and azithromycin enhances the bactericidal activity of the normal human serum, whereas imipenem, rifampicin and colistin have not exhibited the same ability.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Kliničke medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Ustanove
Klinički bolnički centar Osijek,
Medicinski fakultet, Osijek

Citiraj ovu publikaciju

Bogdan, Maja; Drenjančević, Domagoj; Talapko, Jasminka; Antolovic Amidzic, Aurora; Vukovic, Dubravka
The enhanced sensitivity of Acinetobacter baumannii strains resistant to bactericidal activity of normal human serum after exposure to the subminimal inhibitory concentrations of antibiotics // ESCMID eLibrary - 26th European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases / ESCMID (ur.).
online: ESCMID, 2016. str. 73-73 (poster, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)
Bogdan, M., Drenjančević, D., Talapko, J., Antolovic Amidzic, A. & Vukovic, D. (2016) The enhanced sensitivity of Acinetobacter baumannii strains resistant to bactericidal activity of normal human serum after exposure to the subminimal inhibitory concentrations of antibiotics. U: ESCMID (ur.)ESCMID eLibrary - 26th European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases.
@article{article, year = {2016}, pages = {73-73}, keywords = {Acinetobacter baummanii, serum sensitivity, subMICs}, title = {The enhanced sensitivity of Acinetobacter baumannii strains resistant to bactericidal activity of normal human serum after exposure to the subminimal inhibitory concentrations of antibiotics}, keyword = {Acinetobacter baummanii, serum sensitivity, subMICs}, publisher = {ESCMID}, publisherplace = {Amsterdam, Nizozemska} }