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Case Study: Ernest Weissmann's Hospital Buildings as a Neues Bauen Platform


Bjažić Klarin, Tamara
Case Study: Ernest Weissmann's Hospital Buildings as a Neues Bauen Platform // Adaptive Reuse. The Modern MOvement Towards the Future / Tostoes, Ana ; Ferreira, Zara (ur.).
Lisabon, Portugal: docomomo international. Casa da Arquitectura, 2016. str. 502-508 (predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, cjeloviti rad (in extenso), znanstveni)


Naslov
Case Study: Ernest Weissmann's Hospital Buildings as a Neues Bauen Platform
(Case Study: Ernset Weissmann's Hospital Buildings as a Neues Bauen Platform)

Autori
Bjažić Klarin, Tamara

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u zbornicima skupova, cjeloviti rad (in extenso), znanstveni

Izvornik
Adaptive Reuse. The Modern MOvement Towards the Future / Tostoes, Ana ; Ferreira, Zara - Lisabon, Portugal : Docomomo international. Casa da Arquitectura, 2016, 502-508

ISBN
978-989-99645-0-1

Skup
14th International DOCOMOMO Conference

Mjesto i datum
Lisabon, Portugal, 6.-9.9.2016

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Bolničke zgrade ; Novo građenje ; Ernest Weissmann ; Hrvatska
(Hospital buildings ; Neues Bauen ; Ernest Weissmann ; Croatia)

Sažetak
In the interwar years, when the issue of prefabrication was a key topic in the international housing debate, Croatian architect Ernest Weissmann (1903-1985), Adolf Loos’s and Le Corbusier’s collaborator, undertook the unique venture – he designed a standardized prefabricated sanatorium and hospital building conceived to meet different health programme, location, and human capacity. Introduced to the idea of socially responsible architecture in the service of creating a more just society by the leftist architects Nikolai Kolli and Mart Stam, and the CIAM’s La Sarraz Declaration, Weissmann transformed the existing hospital, typical of the period, into a technologically sophisticated prefabricated building. He achieved this by applying all basic principles of modern architecture: plan libre, skeletal structure, flat roof, curtain wall façade, etc. One of the objectives was to solve the acute shortage of hospital beds in Yugoslavia. In late 1920s and early 1930s when Neues Bauen was struggling for recognition in Yugoslavia and was exclusively perceived as a new morphological phenomenon, through a series of sanatorium and hospital designs for Kraljevica and Zagreb, Weissmann introduced a total spatial, structural and formal concept that emerged from the needs of modern society, new structures, materials and construction techniques. He explained it in detail in the publication named after the Sanatorium for the Tuberculosis of Bones and Joints in Kraljevica, the first manifesto of Neues Bauen in Yugoslavia published in 1930. Both the design and construction of Weissmann’s healthcare architecture that embodied the constructivist discourse and changed the traditional notion of a hospital building were ahead of its time. Although never built, his standardised prefabricated sanatorium and hospital buildings remained a unique experiment within the scope of 20th century architecture, and probably the first case of applying prefabrication in the field of healthcare architecture.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Arhitektura i urbanizam, Povijest umjetnosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Ustanove
Institut za povijest umjetnosti, Zagreb

Autor s matičnim brojem:
Tamara Bjažić Klarin, (267071)