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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 839831

Segmental fibre type composition of the rat iliopsoas muscle

Vlahović, Hrvoje; Baždarić, Ksenija; Marijančić, Verner; Šoić-Vranić, Tamara; Malnar, Daniela; Arbanas, Juraj
Segmental fibre type composition of the rat iliopsoas muscle // Journal of anatomy, 230 (2017), 4; 542-548 doi:10.1111/joa.12588 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)

Segmental fibre type composition of the rat iliopsoas muscle

Vlahović, Hrvoje ; Baždarić, Ksenija ; Marijančić, Verner ; Šoić-Vranić, Tamara ; Malnar, Daniela ; Arbanas, Juraj

Journal of anatomy (0021-8782) 230 (2017), 4; 542-548

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Fibre types ; iliopsoas muscle ; immunohistochemistry ; myosin heavy chain ; rat

The iliopsoas of the rat is composed of two muscles – the psoas major muscle and the iliacus muscle. The psoas major muscle arises from all the lumbar vertebrae and, the iliacus muscle arises from the fifth and sixth lumbar vertebrae and ilium. Their common insertion point is the lesser trochanter of the femur, and their common action is the lateral rotation of the femur and flexion of the hip joint. Unlike humans, the rat is a quadruped, and only occasionally rises up on its hind legs. Therefore, it is expected that the fibre type composition of the rat iliopsoas muscle will be different when compared to humans. The iliopsoas muscle of the rat is generally considered to be a fast muscle. However, previous studies of the fibre type composition of the rat psoas muscle showed different results. Moreover, very little is known about the composition of the rat iliacus muscle. The aim of our study was to examine the fibre type composition of the rat iliopsoas muscle in order to better understand the complex function of the listed muscle. The psoas major muscle was examined segmentally at four different levels of its origin. Type I, IIA, IIB and IIX muscle fibres were typed using monoclonal antibodies for myosin heavy chain identification. The percentage of muscle fibre types and muscle fibre cross sectional areas were calculated. In our study we showed that in the rat iliopsoas muscle both the iliacus and the psoas major muscles had a predominance of fast muscle fibre types, with the highest percentage of the fastest IIB muscle fibres. Also, the IIB muscle fibres showed the largest CSA in both muscles. As well, the psoas major muscle showed segmental differences of fibre type composition. Our results showed changes in percentages, as well as the CSA-s of muscle fibre types in cranio-caudal direction. The most significant changes were visible in type IIB muscle fibres, where there was a decrease of percentages and the CSA-s from the cranial towards the caudal part of the muscle. From our results it is evident that the rat iliopsoas muscle has a heterogeneous composition and is composed of all four muscle fibre types. Primarily, it is a fast, dynamic muscle with a predominance of fast type IIB muscle fibres with the largest CSA-s. The composition of the rat psoas major muscles changes in a cranio-caudal direction thus pointing to the more postural role of the caudal part of the muscle.

Izvorni jezik

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne medicinske znanosti


Časopis indeksira:

  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus