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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 836886

Use of medical terminologies to describe adverse event terms in ClinicalTrials.gov


Pranić, Shelly; Mahmić-Kaknjo, Mersiha; Marušić A
Use of medical terminologies to describe adverse event terms in ClinicalTrials.gov // The Eighth Croatian Cochrane Symposium
Split, Hrvatska, 2016. (poster, domaća recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


CROSBI ID: 836886 Za ispravke kontaktirajte CROSBI podršku putem web obrasca

Naslov
Use of medical terminologies to describe adverse event terms in ClinicalTrials.gov

Autori
Pranić, Shelly ; Mahmić-Kaknjo, Mersiha ; Marušić A

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Skup
The Eighth Croatian Cochrane Symposium

Mjesto i datum
Split, Hrvatska, 09.05.2016

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Domaća recenzija

Ključne riječi
side effects; Clinical Trial as Topic; Data Bases as Topic; Biomedical Ontologies

Sažetak
Objective: To describe type and variability of medical terminology used for adverse event terms in ClinicalTrials.gov in context of mandates by the Food and Drug Administration Amendments Act of 1997 to promote transparency surrounding reporting of trial data. Study Design and Setting: Cross-sectional study on safety and efficacy trials in ClinicalTrials.gov for common drugs: antidepressants, analgesics or anesthetics, antidepressants, anti-allergics, anti-infectives, enzyme inhibitors, and anti-inflammatory, antineoplastic, hypoglycemic, neuromuscular agents. Methods: Registered and completed clinical trials with adverse events between 2009 and 2012. We chose trials of 10 drug categories from safety and efficacy trials. We excluded trials without drug intervention or adverse events. Results: Out of 93 trials that studied drugs, pain was most studied (n = 5, 5.4%), followed by major depressive disorder (n = 4, 4.3%). Most trials were randomized (n = 63, 67.7%). MedDRA was most commonly used (n = 30, 32.3% and n = 45, 48.44%) dictionary for serious and other adverse events (SAEs and OAEs), respectively. Predominantly, 67 (72%) trials reported OAEs, whereas 42 (45.2%) reported SAEs. Majority (n = 51, 54.8%) of drugs were an FDA indication. Omitted medical terminology sources were 10 (10.8%) for trials with SAEs and 18 (19.4%) for OAEs. Of 236 lay terms for both SAEs and OAEs, same lay term defined up to 3 different adverse events in 11 (11.8%) and 69 (74.2%) trials, respectively. Conclusion: MedDRA was predominantly used to define adverse events from trials. Many studies failed to provide a source dictionary. Without a ClinicalTrials.gov requirement for a standard dictionary, there may be a reduction in comparability of adverse events across studies. Administrators at ClinicalTrials.gov may consider the peremptory use of MedDRA or lay terms.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne medicinske znanosti, Kliničke medicinske znanosti, Javno zdravstvo i zdravstvena zaštita



POVEZANOST RADA


Ustanove:
Medicinski fakultet, Split

Profili:

Avatar Url Shelly Pranić (autor)

Avatar Url Ana Marušić (autor)

Citiraj ovu publikaciju

Pranić, Shelly; Mahmić-Kaknjo, Mersiha; Marušić A
Use of medical terminologies to describe adverse event terms in ClinicalTrials.gov // The Eighth Croatian Cochrane Symposium
Split, Hrvatska, 2016. (poster, domaća recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)
Pranić, S., Mahmić-Kaknjo, M. & Marušić A (2016) Use of medical terminologies to describe adverse event terms in ClinicalTrials.gov. U: The Eighth Croatian Cochrane Symposium.
@article{article, year = {2016}, keywords = {side effects, Clinical Trial as Topic, Data Bases as Topic, Biomedical Ontologies}, title = {Use of medical terminologies to describe adverse event terms in ClinicalTrials.gov}, keyword = {side effects, Clinical Trial as Topic, Data Bases as Topic, Biomedical Ontologies}, publisherplace = {Split, Hrvatska} }
@article{article, year = {2016}, keywords = {side effects, Clinical Trial as Topic, Data Bases as Topic, Biomedical Ontologies}, title = {Use of medical terminologies to describe adverse event terms in ClinicalTrials.gov}, keyword = {side effects, Clinical Trial as Topic, Data Bases as Topic, Biomedical Ontologies}, publisherplace = {Split, Hrvatska} }




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