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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 836291

Conclusion consensuality and confidence judgments in syllogistic reasoning


Bajšanski, Igor; Žauhar, Valnea
Conclusion consensuality and confidence judgments in syllogistic reasoning // Metacognition 2016: Proceedings of the 7th Biennial Meeting of the EARLI Special Interest Group 16 Metacognition / Molenaar, I. ; Droop, M. ; Van den Hurk, M. ; Kielstra, J. (ur.).
Nijmegen: Radboud University Nijmegen, 2016. str. 120-121 (poster, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Conclusion consensuality and confidence judgments in syllogistic reasoning

Autori
Bajšanski, Igor ; Žauhar, Valnea

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
Metacognition 2016: Proceedings of the 7th Biennial Meeting of the EARLI Special Interest Group 16 Metacognition / Molenaar, I. ; Droop, M. ; Van den Hurk, M. ; Kielstra, J. - Nijmegen : Radboud University Nijmegen, 2016, 120-121

ISBN
978-94-028-0279-5

Skup
EARLI SIG-16 METACOGNITION

Mjesto i datum
Nijmegen, Nizozemska, 23.-26.08.2016.

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Syllogistic reasoning; confidence; answer consensuality; metareasoning

Sažetak
In this study we explored the basis of confidence judgments in syllogistic reasoning. Koriat (2008, 2012) reported that confidence judgments in answering general knowledge questions are correlated with the consensuality of the answer (the proportion of participants who choose the answer) rather than with its accuracy. If confidence judgments rely on similar types of processes in different domains of cognition, we expect these types of relationships to also hold in the domain of syllogistic reasoning. The main aim of this study was to explore the relationship between confidence judgments and conclusion consensuality in syllogistic reasoning. Three experiments were conducted. In the first paper-and-pencil experiment participants produced conclusions to 64 pairs of premises. In the second experiment participants evaluated 16 syllogisms. Conclusions varied with respect to validity (valid/invalid) and consensuality (consensual/nonconsensual). In the third experiment participants chose two conclusions for each of the 8 syllogistic problems. Confidence was related to item consensuality, rather than accuracy of answers. For consensually correct items, correlation between confidence and accuracy was positive, but for consensually incorrect items it was negative. Confidence was negatively correlated with response latency. The results indicate that reasoners, instead of monitoring their actual performance, rely on different types of non-diagnostic cues while making confidence judgments.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Psihologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
HRZZ-IP-2013-11-4139 - Metakognicija kod kategorijalnog učenja, mišljenja i razumijevanja (Dražen Domijan, )

Ustanove
Filozofski fakultet, Rijeka