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The influence of prior knowledge on category learning and metacognitive monitoring


Žauhar, Valnea; Bajšanski, Igor; Domijan, Dražen
The influence of prior knowledge on category learning and metacognitive monitoring // Review of psychology / Buško, Vesna (ur.).
Jastrebarsko, Zagreb: Naklada Slap, 2016. str. 69-69 (predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
The influence of prior knowledge on category learning and metacognitive monitoring

Autori
Žauhar, Valnea ; Bajšanski, Igor ; Domijan, Dražen

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
Review of psychology / Buško, Vesna - Jastrebarsko, Zagreb : Naklada Slap, 2016, 69-69

Skup
12th Alps Adria Psychology Conference

Mjesto i datum
Rijeka, Hrvatska, 29.9.-1.10.2016

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Prior knowledge; category learning; metacognitive monitoring; characteristic features; idiosyncratic features

Sažetak
The aim of the study was to investigate the influence of prior knowledge on classification accuracy and metacognitive monitoring during learning of two categories of verbally described imaginary animals. Each category member consisted of six features: five characteristic and one idiosyncratic. Characteristic features defined the empirical category structures, while idiosyncratic features activated consistent or inconsistent prior knowledge about predators and prey. Classifications of category members and single-features describing those members were examined. In Experiment 1 (N=56) categories were given meaningless names, so minimal prior knowledge could be activated only by idiosyncratic features. In Experiment 2 (N=51) categories were labelled as ‘predator’ or ‘prey’ in order to additionally activate prior knowledge. In both experiments the results showed an increase in accuracy as a function of learning blocks followed by an increase in judgments throughout the learning process. Furthermore, the results of Experiment 1 showed that, in the initial stage of learning, single-feature classification accuracy and confidence were influenced by minimal prior knowledge only when it was consistent. In both conditions, empirical category structures and prior knowledge interacted in the later learning process. The results of Experiment 2 showed that when prior knowledge is consistent, accuracy and confidence are strongly influenced by prior knowledge throughout the learning process. As a conclusion, metacognitive monitoring is found to be consistent with classification accuracy. Furthermore, when prior knowledge is minimal the results support an integrated learning view showing that empirical category structures and prior knowledge interact in the course of learning. When the activation of prior knowledge is strengthened by category labels, the results support the attentional focus view showing facilitated learning of knowledge relevant idiosyncratic features.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Psihologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
HRZZ-IP-2013-11-4139 - Metakognicija kod kategorijalnog učenja, mišljenja i razumijevanja (Dražen Domijan, )

Ustanove
Filozofski fakultet, Rijeka