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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 836178

Carbon as a main traffic pollutant in centre of Zagreb, Croatia


Godec, Ranka; Šimić, Iva; Šega, Krešimir; Bešlić, Ivan;
Carbon as a main traffic pollutant in centre of Zagreb, Croatia // 17th IUAPPA World Clean Air Congress and 9th CAA Better Air Quality Conference Clean Air for Cities Perspectives and Solutions
Busan, Južna Korea, 2016. str. 226-226 (predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Carbon as a main traffic pollutant in centre of Zagreb, Croatia

Autori
Godec, Ranka ; Šimić, Iva ; Šega, Krešimir ; Bešlić, Ivan ;

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
17th IUAPPA World Clean Air Congress and 9th CAA Better Air Quality Conference Clean Air for Cities Perspectives and Solutions / - , 2016, 226-226

Skup
17th IUAPPA World Clean Air Congress and 9th CAA Better Air Quality Conference Clean Air for Cities Perspectives and Solutions

Mjesto i datum
Busan, Južna Korea, 29.08.2016.-2.09.2016

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Air quality; EC; OC; traffic-related pollutant; street canyon effect

Sažetak
Narrow city streets engulfed by tall buildings are favourable to a general effect of a “canyon” in which pollution accumulates strongly on a relatively small area because of weak or inexistent ventilation. The aim of this study was to determine and compare levels of elemental carbon (EC) and organic carbon (OC) mass concentrations in PM10 particles between seasons and different years collected during at one such street canyon location in the centre of Zagreb in 2011, 2012 and 2013. Daily samples of airborne particles were collected on pre-fired quartz fibre filters. PM10 mass concentrations were determined gravimetrically. Samples were analysed for OC and EC with thermal/optical transmittance method (TOT) with a NIOSH-like protocol. Preliminary measurements showed seasonal and yearly variations of mass concentrations for carbon species in PM10. The higher concentrations were observed during the cold periods of the year (winter and autumn), while lower concentrations were recorded during summer and spring. The OC/EC ratio exhibited the same behaviour. Average yearly mass concentrations of PM10 and OC/EC ratios decreased during the years: 2011>2012>2013 indicating a negative trend, opposite to EC and OC content in PM10 which increased 2011<2012<2013. This increase of carbon content in PM originated from traffic and traffic jams due to the increased number of traffic lights and vehicles standing with engines running. This could also explain the reducing particle concentration because vehicles stood more than they moved and raised less dust from the road itself. Daily EC and OC maximums were recorded in the cold period of 2012. Therefore, a lower temperature during wintertime favours the condensation of organic compounds onto pre-existing particles and higher OC mass concentrations and OC content in PM10. Likewise, in the colder months higher EC concentrations originate from increased traffic and vehicle fuel combustion.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Kemija, Javno zdravstvo i zdravstvena zaštita



POVEZANOST RADA


Ustanove
Institut za medicinska istraživanja i medicinu rada, Zagreb