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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 833092

The ENSO teleconnection to Europe: tropospheric, stratospheric pathways and Atlantic air-sea interactions


Herceg Bulić, Ivana; Mezzina, Bianca; Kucharski, Fred; Ruggieri, Paolo; King, Martin P.
The ENSO teleconnection to Europe: tropospheric, stratospheric pathways and Atlantic air-sea interactions // EMS Annual Meeting Abstracts
Trst, Italija, 2016. (pozvano predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
The ENSO teleconnection to Europe: tropospheric, stratospheric pathways and Atlantic air-sea interactions

Autori
Herceg Bulić, Ivana ; Mezzina, Bianca ; Kucharski, Fred ; Ruggieri, Paolo ; King, Martin P.

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
EMS Annual Meeting Abstracts / - , 2016

Skup
16th EMS Annual Meeting & 11th European Conference on Applied Climatology (ECAC)

Mjesto i datum
Trst, Italija, 12-16.09.2016

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Pozvano predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
ENSO teleconnection; Europe; downward propagation; interaction with the North Atlantic

Sažetak
The delayed impact of El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) on European late spring climate is examined using ensembles of AGCM and partially coupled simulation. The focus of the analysis is response of the upper tropo- sphere/stratosphere, downward propagation of the signal and its interaction with the North Atlantic sea surface temperatures (SST). The stratosphere responds to El Niño (La Niña) events with substantial warming (cooling) occurring in the polar area accompanied by a corresponding modification of upper-level geopotential heights and zonal winds resembling the pattern of the Northern Annular Mode. The atmospheric response is found in the upper troposphere as well as at the surface where it interacts with the North Atlantic SST. In this way, the wintertime ENSO signal is memorized in the upper ocean and persists until the following spring when through the interaction with the overlying atmosphere it is transmitted again into the atmosphere. Furthermore, it is demonstrated here that the late springtime ENSO signal over Europe may be considered as a result of two contributing processes: one is a direct (spring-to-spring) ENSO influence and the other is a delayed (winter to-spring) ENSO influence. The delayed ENSO impact results partially from the persistence of the wintertime ENSO signal in the stratosphere, but it is also maintained by atmosphere-ocean interaction in the North Atlantic. The presented results also emphasize the role of the extratropical Atlantic as a contributing factor for climate variability linking wintertime atmospheric circulation and European climate during the following spring.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Geologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
20281501
HRZZ-IP-2013-11-2831 - Klima jadranske regije u njenom globalnom kontekstu (Mirko Orlić, )

Ustanove
Prirodoslovno-matematički fakultet, Zagreb

Autor s matičnim brojem:
Ivana Herceg Bulić, (219312)