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Concerted nitrogen inversion and hydrogen bonding to Glu451 are responsible for protein-controlled suppression of the reverse reaction in the human DPP III


Tomić, Antonija; Kovačević, Borislav; Tomić, Sanja
Concerted nitrogen inversion and hydrogen bonding to Glu451 are responsible for protein-controlled suppression of the reverse reaction in the human DPP III // Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 18 (2016), 39; 27245-27256 doi:10.1039/C6CP04580D (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Concerted nitrogen inversion and hydrogen bonding to Glu451 are responsible for protein-controlled suppression of the reverse reaction in the human DPP III

Autori
Tomić, Antonija ; Kovačević, Borislav ; Tomić, Sanja

Izvornik
Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics (1463-9076) 18 (2016), 39; 27245-27256

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Human dipeptidyl-peptidase III ; enzyme reaction ; computational chemistry ; QM ; QM/MM ; reaction mechanism ; peptide bond hydrolysis

Sažetak
Human dipeptidyl-peptidase III (h.DPP III) is a zinc-exopeptidase that hydrolysis dipeptides from the N-terminus of its substrates. Its mechanism of action was assumed to be similar to that of thermolysin, but was never thoroughly investigated. This study presents the first insight into the reaction mechanism of h.DPP III ; determined on the model and real (hydrated enzyme with Leu-enkephalin bound in the active site) systems. The Glu451-assisted water addition on amide carbon atom and nitrogen inversion (i.e. change of pyramidalization on the leaving nitrogen), are shown to be the rate-determine steps with the activation energies in a good agreement with the experimental results for the Leu-enkephalin hydrolysis. The energy barrier for nucleophilic attack is about 28 kJ mol−1, while barriers for the N-inversion differ as a consequence of number of hydrogen bonds that have to be changed, and which is smaller in the model active site than in the solvated enzyme. Although precisely defined geometry of the enzyme binding site puts an additional restrains on the hydrogen bonding interactions, at the same time it stimulates the forward reaction towards final hydrolytic product. Namely, differently from the model, the N-inversion is in concerted fashion followed by favourable hydrogen bonding with Glu451 that immediately “locks” the system into the configuration where reversion to the enzyme-substrate complex is hardly achievable. Therefore we propose that the functional significance of DPP III is dual: to lower the energy barrier of the peptide hydrolysis and to suppress the reverse reaction.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Fizika, Kemija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
HRZZ-IP-2013-11-7235 - Povezanost fleksibilnosti, aktivnosti i strukture u porodici dipeptidil-peptidaza III (Sanja Tomić, )

Ustanove
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


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