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Child health in five early medieval Irish sites : a multidisciplinary approach


Novak, Mario; Howcroft, Rachel; Pinhasi, Ron
Child health in five early medieval Irish sites : a multidisciplinary approach // International journal of osteoarchaeology, 27 (2017), 3; 398-408 doi:10.1002/oa.2549 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Child health in five early medieval Irish sites : a multidisciplinary approach

Autori
Novak, Mario ; Howcroft, Rachel ; Pinhasi, Ron

Izvornik
International journal of osteoarchaeology (1047-482X) 27 (2017), 3; 398-408

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Skeletal population ; cribra orbitalia ; linear enamel hypoplasia ; periostitis ; stable isotopes ; osteological paradox ; Ireland

Sažetak
With the aim to reconstruct child health in five early medieval (5th-12th c. CE) Irish sites an osteoarchaeological study of three biological stress indicators - cribra orbitalia (CO), linear enamel hypoplasia (LEH) and periostitis - has been conducted on 229 skeletons. In addition, Irish early medieval written sources testifying on child health during this period were consulted. These data were furthermore combined with the results of stable isotope analyses (nitrogen and carbon) conducted on subadult bone specimens. CO was found in 27.5% of the studied individuals (48.6% of subadults were affected) with only two cases active at the time of death. The prevalence of LEH per individual is 63.5% (78.9% in subadults and 59.7% in adults). The age ranges of LEH formation vary between 1.9 and 4.8 years for the maxillary teeth and between 1.8 and 6.2 years for the mandibular teeth. Periosteal inflammations were recorded in over one third of the studied subadults (36.2%) with six cases active at the time of death. The stable isotope results suggest a diet based on terrestrial food sources, with little or no marine input. The presented data strongly suggest that most of the individuals were exposed to a high level of physiological stress during their childhood, and as such does not support the so called ‘osteological paradox’ hypothesis. The observed disturbances were probably caused by a synergistic effect of various biological and socio-cultural factors. Although the historical records indicate certain differences in diet and lifestyle between social classes and the sexes, this study showed that the children of all ages had poor health in all social classes across a wide geographical location for the full time period of the early medieval.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Arheologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Ustanove
Institut za antropologiju

Autor s matičnim brojem:
Mario Novak, (266983)

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Social Science Citation Index (SSCI)
    • Arts & Humanities Citation Index (A&HCI)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus


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