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Wine and risk of cardiovascular diseases: could it include epigenetic mechanism?


Jerončić, Ana; Mudnić, Ivana; Maričić, Ljiljana; Polašek, Ozren; Boban, Mladen
Wine and risk of cardiovascular diseases: could it include epigenetic mechanism? // Epi-Genetics: in dialogue with the genome / Allshire, Robin ; Bird, Adrian ; Bickmore, Wendy ; Collins, Tom ; Tollervey, David (ur.).
Edinburgh: EpiGeneSys and The University of Edinburgh, 2015. str. 147-147 (poster, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Wine and risk of cardiovascular diseases: could it include epigenetic mechanism?

Autori
Jerončić, Ana ; Mudnić, Ivana ; Maričić, Ljiljana ; Polašek, Ozren ; Boban, Mladen

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
Epi-Genetics: in dialogue with the genome / Allshire, Robin ; Bird, Adrian ; Bickmore, Wendy ; Collins, Tom ; Tollervey, David - Edinburgh : EpiGeneSys and The University of Edinburgh, 2015, 147-147

Skup
Epi-Genetics: in dialogue with the genome

Mjesto i datum
Edinburgh, Velika Britanija, 1-5.06.2015

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Wine consumption ; hemodynamic indicators ; arterial elasticity ; epigenetics

Sažetak
Moderate alcohol consumption is associated with reduced risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Besides known biological effects of alcohol and phenolics contained in alcoholic beverages, there is increasing awareness that alcohol- induced epigenetic gene regulation may play important role as well. In this study we analysed associations of wine and beer consumption with selected hemodynamic indicators of CVD risk in apparently healthy and hypertensive subjects. From the population- based cohort of 1012 participants we selected non- drinkers and moderate drinkers of beer or wine (up to equivalent of 40 ml ethanol/day). Apparently healthy (n=286), and subjects with hypertension and no co-morbidities (n=190) were included. Haemodynamic measurements were recorded by the Sphygmocor device. Hemodynamic indicators: central systolic blood pressure (cSBP), aortic (cAIx) and radial (pAIx) augmentation index, and pulse wave velocity (PWV) were measured and data on alcohol consumption were obtained by a questionnaire. Stepwise multiple linear regression models of pAIx, cAIx, PWV, or cSBP ; were built separately in healthy and hypertensive group. Model of each biomarker, adjusted for known determinants, also included volumes of beer or wine consumed weekly or the equivalent volume of pure alcohol. In both groups, the volume of pure alcohol was not significantly associated with changes in measured hemodynamic parameters. Volume of consumed wine was weakly associated with favourable changes in pAIx (B≤-2.7, P≤0.001) and cAIx (B≤-1.2, P≤0.003) both in hypertensive and healthy. No significant results were observed for beer. Study suggests that non alcoholic components in wine are important for its biological effects. We believe that results of this and similar studies, besides classic approaches, should be also analysed in light of possible epigenetic mechanism.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
HRZZ-IP-2013-11-8652 - Biološki učinci vina: utjecaj vinifikacijske tehnologije, dealkoholizacije i starenja vina (Mladen Boban, )

Ustanove
Medicinski fakultet, Split