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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 829963

Income vs. Consumption-based concept of direct taxation: eternal debate in Croatia


Šimović, Hrvoje; Blažić, Helena; Štambuk, Ana
Income vs. Consumption-based concept of direct taxation: eternal debate in Croatia // Ekonomski pregled : mjesečnik Hrvatskog društva ekonomista Zagreb, 67 (2016), 3; 185-205 (podatak o recenziji nije dostupan, izvorni znanstveni rad, znanstveni)


Naslov
Income vs. Consumption-based concept of direct taxation: eternal debate in Croatia

Autori
Šimović, Hrvoje ; Blažić, Helena ; Štambuk, Ana

Izvornik
Ekonomski pregled : mjesečnik Hrvatskog društva ekonomista Zagreb (0424-7558) 67 (2016), 3; 185-205

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, izvorni znanstveni rad, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Consumption-based (interest adjusted) concept ; income-based concept ; allowance for corporate equity ; direct taxation ; Croatia

Sažetak
Croatia marked more than 20 years from the big tax reform in 1994, which set up foundations of market economy tax system. At the time, Croatia was the only country consistently implementing consumption-based taxation i.e. interest- adjusted personal and corporate income tax. Such tax system triggered the numerous debates among Croatian (and international) tax experts. Special contribution to such tax system and debates was implementation of the Allowance for Corporate Equity, i.e. “protective interest” (term used in Croatia). Main motive and goal of this paper is to explore current tax experts’ attitudes toward integral model of consumption- based direct taxation that was in force in Croatia between 1994-2000, and does those attitudes reflect current layout of the Croatian tax system. In the paper, we present the results of a broad expert opinion survey about the Croatian tax system with special emphasis on elements contributing to consumption- versus income-based concept debate. The paper explores determinants of experts’ policy related to personal values regarding redistribution issues and beliefs on how the tax policy affects the economy. The research focuses on several questions/statements i.e. dichotomous dependent variables for which (non)-taxation presents the main precondition for the existence of consumption or income-based system of direct taxation. Such statements refer to introduction or abolishment of taxation of dividends, financial capital gains and interests and introduction or abolishment of protective interest. From their perspective, robust econometric models are constructed with relevant socio-economic and demographic independent variables. The results imply that there are no consistent and significant expert attitudes toward different concepts of taxation. Accordingly, the results are in line with the existence of the current hybrid system i.e. system with elements of income- and consumption-based system of direct taxation. Regression results indicate that consumption- based elements of direct taxation are influenced by attitudes towards equity, neutrality, and efficiency as well as, to a lesser extent, by some demographic variables (employment sector and education).

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Ekonomija

Napomena
Hrvatska zaklada za znanost, projekt IP-2013- 11- 8174, voditelj: prof.dr. Helena Blažić, Ekonomski fakultet Rijeka ; Sveučilište u Rijeci, projekt 13.02.1.2.02, voditelj: prof.dr. Helena Blažić, Ekonomski fakultet Rijeka



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
13.02.1.2.02
HRZZ-IP-2013-11-8174 - Porezna politika i fiskalna konsolidacija u Hrvatskoj (Helena Blažić, )

Ustanove
Ekonomski fakultet, Zagreb,
Ekonomski fakultet, Rijeka

Časopis indeksira:


  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI)
  • Scopus
  • EconLit


Uključenost u ostale bibliografske baze podataka:


  • EconLit
  • International Bibliography of the Social Sciences (IBSS)
  • Journal of Economic Literature
  • Scopus
  • DOAJ