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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 829874

Integrin αVβ3 silencing sensitizes malignant glioma cells to temozolomide by suppression of homologous recombination repair


Christmann, Markus; Diesler, Kathrin; Majhen, Dragomira; Steigerwald, Christian; Berte, Nancy; Freund, Halima; Stojanović, Nikolina; Kaina, Bernd; Osmak, Maja; Ambriović-Ristov, Andreja; Tomicic, Maja T.
Integrin αVβ3 silencing sensitizes malignant glioma cells to temozolomide by suppression of homologous recombination repair // Oncotarget, 8 (2017), 27754-27771 doi:10.18632/oncotarget.10897 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Integrin αVβ3 silencing sensitizes malignant glioma cells to temozolomide by suppression of homologous recombination repair

Autori
Christmann, Markus ; Diesler, Kathrin ; Majhen, Dragomira ; Steigerwald, Christian ; Berte, Nancy ; Freund, Halima ; Stojanović, Nikolina ; Kaina, Bernd ; Osmak, Maja ; Ambriović-Ristov, Andreja ; Tomicic, Maja T.

Izvornik
Oncotarget (1949-2553) 8 (2017); 27754-27771

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Malignant gliomas ; integrin αVβ3 silencing ; temozolomide ; homologous recombination repair ; Rad51

Sažetak
Integrins have been suggested as possible targets in anticancer therapy. Here we show that knockdown of integrins αVβ3, αVβ5, α3β1 and α4β1 and pharmacological inhibition using a cyclo-RGD integrin αVβ3/αVβ5 antagonist sensitized multiple highgrade glioma cell lines to temozolomide (TMZ)- induced cytotoxicity. The greatest effect was observed in LN229 cells upon integrin β3 silencing, which led to inhibition of the FAK/Src/Akt/NFκB signaling pathway and increased formation of γH2AX foci. The integrin β3 knockdown led to the proteasomal degradation of Rad51, reduction of Rad51 foci and reduced repair of TMZ- induced DNA double-strand breaks by impairing homologous recombination efficiency. The down- regulation of β3 in Rad51 knockdown (LN229- Rad51kd) cells neither further sensitized them to TMZ nor increased the number of γH2AX foci, confirming causality between β3 silencing and Rad51 reduction. RIP1 was found cleaved and IκBα significantly less degraded in β3- silenced/TMZexposed cells, indicating inactivation of NFκB signaling. The anti-apoptotic proteins Bcl-xL, survivin and XIAP were proteasomally degraded and caspase-3/-2 cleaved. Increased H2AX phosphorylation, caspase-3 cleavage, reduced Rad51 and RIP1 expression, as well as sustained IκBα expression were also observed in mouse glioma xenografts treated with the cyclo-RGD inhibitor and TMZ, confirming the molecular mechanism in vivo. Our data indicates that β3 silencing in glioma cells represents a promising strategy to sensitize high-grade gliomas to TMZ therapy.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Biologija, Temeljne medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
098-0982913-2850 - Povećanje transdukcije adenovirusnih vektora i otpornost stanica na citostatike (Andreja Ambriović Ristov, )

Ustanove
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:


  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


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