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Universal features in heartbeat dynamics


Knežević, Andrea
Universal features in heartbeat dynamics // Statistical Mechanics Research / Byung-Soo, Kim (ur.).
New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2007. str. 265-277


Naslov
Universal features in heartbeat dynamics

Autori
Knežević, Andrea

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Poglavlja u knjigama, znanstveni

Knjiga
Statistical Mechanics Research

Urednik/ci
Byung-Soo, Kim

Izdavač
Nova Science Publishers, Inc.

Grad
New York

Godina
2007

Raspon stranica
265-277

ISBN
978-1-60456-029-9

Ključne riječi
nonlinear interactions ; fluctuations ; heartbeat dynamics

Sažetak
A physical system consists of numerous interacting units has a potential of displaying irregular and complex behaviour, but a remarkable thing is that it can also display a simple power-law behaviour. The "fractal concept" based on scale-invariance (in reality, nonexact invariance under scale transformation) can be successfully applied in the characterization of different physical systems. All of them have complex and irregular output of the measured time dependent parameters. They are driven by nonlinear interactions, and belong to the wide class of non-equilibrium phenomena. Examples are from turbulent flows and variation of atmospheric pressure to physiological systems, such as brain activity, and heartbeat (RR interval) variability. The article will discuss similarities and universal behaviour of fluctuation data, and their connection with anomaleous diffusion phenomena, where fractal scaling is not only a phenomenological description. Some results will show the applicability of nonlinear statistical methods for studying fluctuation patterns of RR intervals. Existence of universality classes predicted by the Random Matrix Theory (RMT), as well as scaling behaviour are examined for heartbeat RR interval time-series of healthy and diseased subjects. Particular interest is in the possibility of finding the method to distinguish healthy from diseased states, especially in the cases when changes in RR patterns (if exist) are not visible. This is the case with the coronary heart disease - stable angina pectoris. How changes in multifractal properties and changes in certain parameters in non-gaussian distributions, such as Brody and Berry-Robnik distribution, could provide a window into the possible complementary diagnostic methods, will be reported.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Fizika



POVEZANOST RADA


Ustanove
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb

Profili:

Avatar Url Andrea Knežević (autor)

Citiraj ovu publikaciju

Knežević, Andrea
Universal features in heartbeat dynamics // Statistical Mechanics Research / Byung-Soo, Kim (ur.).
New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2007. str. 265-277
Knežević, A. (2007) Universal features in heartbeat dynamics. U: Byung-Soo, K. (ur.) Statistical Mechanics Research. New York, Nova Science Publishers, Inc., str. 265-277.
@inbook{inbook, author = {Kne\v{z}evi\'{c}, A.}, editor = {Byung-Soo, K.}, year = {2007}, pages = {265-277}, keywords = {nonlinear interactions, fluctuations, heartbeat dynamics}, isbn = {978-1-60456-029-9}, title = {Universal features in heartbeat dynamics}, keyword = {nonlinear interactions, fluctuations, heartbeat dynamics}, publisher = {Nova Science Publishers, Inc.}, publisherplace = {New York} }