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In vitro effects of simultaneous exposure to platinum and cadmium on the activity of antioxidant enzymes and DNA damage and potential protective effects of selenium and zinc


Tariba, Blanka; Živković, Tanja; Gajski, Goran; Gerić, Marko; Gluščić, Valentina; Garaj- Vrhovac, Vera; Peraica, Maja; Pizent, Alica
In vitro effects of simultaneous exposure to platinum and cadmium on the activity of antioxidant enzymes and DNA damage and potential protective effects of selenium and zinc // Drug and chemical toxicology, 40 (2017), 2; 228-234 doi:10.1080/01480545.2016.1199564 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
In vitro effects of simultaneous exposure to platinum and cadmium on the activity of antioxidant enzymes and DNA damage and potential protective effects of selenium and zinc

Autori
Tariba, Blanka ; Živković, Tanja ; Gajski, Goran ; Gerić, Marko ; Gluščić, Valentina ; Garaj- Vrhovac, Vera ; Peraica, Maja ; Pizent, Alica

Izvornik
Drug and chemical toxicology (0148-0545) 40 (2017), 2; 228-234

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Glutathione peroxidase ; superoxide dismutase ; chemotherapy ; platinum ; cadmium ; essential elements

Sažetak
Circulating platinum (Pt) is detectable in the blood of Pt-treated cancer patients for over a decade after the treatment. Prolonged exposure to Pt, in combination with adverse compounds from nutrition and lifestyle, such as cadmium (Cd), could increase the risk from second cancers. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of simultaneous exposure to Cd- and Ptcompounds on oxidative and DNA damage and the possible protective effects of zinc (Zn) and selenium (Se). The aqueous solutions of PtCl4, CdCl2H2O, ZnCl2 and Na2SeO3 were added, alone or in combination, to whole blood and isolated erythrocytes to produce the final concentrations of 2000 mg/L of Pt, 8 mg/L of Cd, 100 mg/L of Se, and 1000 mg/L of Zn. The activity of copper, zinc- superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase and glutathione in whole blood was determined after 1 h exposure in in vitro conditions. The induction of DNA strand-breaks in human peripheral blood leukocytes was determined with the alkaline comet assay after 24 h exposure. Exposure to Pt and/or Cd decreased the activities of antioxidant enzymes and elevated DNA damage compared to control. A statistically significant change in the activity of both enzymes and in the induction of DNA strand- breaks was observed in the cells treated with Pt + Cd combination, while the addition of Se and/or Zn resulted in partial recovery of these effects. The results indicate that combined exposure to Pt and Cd could disrupt antioxidant protection of the organism and increase DNA damage, whereas Se and Zn could partially ameliorate these harmful effects.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
022-0222148-2125 - Mutageni i antimutageni u ekogenetičkim istraživanjima (Vera Garaj-Vrhovac, )
022-0222148-2142 - Toksični učinci mikotoksina na ljude i životinje (Maja Peraica, )
022-0222411-2408 - Učinci toksičnih i esencijalnih metala na reprodukcijsko zdravlje muškaraca (Alica Pizent, )

Ustanove
Institut za medicinska istraživanja i medicinu rada, Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus


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