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Differences in the 14C age, d13C and d18O of Holocene tufa and speleothem in the dinaric karst


Horvatinčić, Nada; Krajcar Bronić, Ines; Obelić, Bogomil
Differences in the 14C age, d13C and d18O of Holocene tufa and speleothem in the dinaric karst // Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 193 (2003), 1; 139-157 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Differences in the 14C age, d13C and d18O of Holocene tufa and speleothem in the dinaric karst

Autori
Horvatinčić, Nada ; Krajcar Bronić, Ines ; Obelić, Bogomil

Izvornik
Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology (0031-0182) 193 (2003), 1; 139-157

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Karst; tufa; speleothem; stable isotope; radiocarbon; palaeoclimate; palaeenvironment

Sažetak
We studied Holocene speleothems and tufa samples collected in numerous caves and rivers in the Dinaric Karst of Croatia, Slovenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia and Montenegro. Differences in the formation process of tufa and speleothems are discussed in context of their isotopic composition (14C, 13C and 18O), as well as the chemistry of surface water (rivers, lakes) and drip water (in caves).The physical and chemical parameters monitored in the surface water (tufa precipitation) and drip water (speleothem precipitation) show that more stable conditions accompany speleothem than tufa formation. This is particularly obvious in the water temperature variations (2°C-22°C in surface water and 7°C-12°C in drip water) and in saturation index variation (3-11 in surface water and 1-6 in drip water).The range of 14C ages recorded by Holocene speleothems (~12000 yr) is wider by several thousands years than that of Holocene tufa samples (~6000 yr). d13C values for tufa samples range from ?12‰ to ?6‰ and for speleothem samples from –12‰ to +3‰ indicating that the influence of biogenic carbon is more significant for tufa than for speleothem formation.The differences in d18O values of tufa and speleothem samples from different areas reflect different temperature conditions and differing isotopic composition in the water. The study shows that speleothems from the Dinaric Karst can be used as global palaeoclimatic records, whereas tufa records changes in the local palaeoenvironment.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Fizika



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
0098014

Ustanove
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus