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Stomach – key player in the regulation of metabolism

Štimac, Davor; Klobučar Majanović, Sanja; Franjić, Neven
Stomach – key player in the regulation of metabolism // Digestive diseases, 32 (2014), 3; 192-201 doi:10.1159/000357849 (međunarodna recenzija, pregledni rad, znanstveni)

Stomach – key player in the regulation of metabolism

Štimac, Davor ; Klobučar Majanović, Sanja ; Franjić, Neven

Digestive diseases (0257-2753) 32 (2014), 3; 192-201

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, pregledni rad, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Gut hormones; gut-brain interplay; ghrelin; obestatin; nesfatin; obesity

Although the stomach is often perceived as a crude, food-grinding, muscular bag, scientific breakthroughs have shown us that in the case of the stomach there is more than meets the eye. The endocrine function of the stomach is mainly exerted through the actions of ghrelin, an acylated peptide hormone that is the first known and so far most extensively studied endogenous orexigenic substance. The satiety- hunger balance is kept in check by many anorexigenic gut hormones among which is the deacylated form of ghrelin - desacyl ghrelin. The interplay of gut hormones affects the brain directly, as most gut hormones cross the blood- brain barrier and bind to their respective receptors in the central nervous system. Other hormones like obestatin and nesfatin are secreted from the stomach along with ghrelin, yet their physiological function is to be elucidated. The importance of the satiety- hunger balance can be seen in its most typical derangement - obesity. Some studies imply that ghrelin, along with other gut hormones, plays an important part in the pathophysiology of obesity. More importantly, it seems that the mechanisms by which bariatric surgery procedures induce weight loss are primarily based on changing the gut hormone levels, including ghrelin. If proven, ghrelin antagonists could be the renaissance of pharmacological obesity treatment.

Izvorni jezik

Znanstvena područja
Kliničke medicinske znanosti


Projekt / tema
009-0092660-2656 - Psihosocijalni aspekti pretilosti (Alessandra Pokrajac-Bulian, )

Medicinski fakultet, Rijeka,
Klinički bolnički centar Rijeka

Časopis indeksira:

  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus