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The serotonergic system and cognitive function


Švob Štrac, Dubravka; Pivac, Nela; Muck-Šeler, Dorotea
The serotonergic system and cognitive function // Translational Neuroscience, 7 (2016), 1; 35-49 doi:10.1515/tnsci-2016-0007 (međunarodna recenzija, pregledni rad, znanstveni)


Naslov
The serotonergic system and cognitive function

Autori
Švob Štrac, Dubravka ; Pivac, Nela ; Muck-Šeler, Dorotea

Izvornik
Translational Neuroscience (2081-3856) 7 (2016), 1; 35-49

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, pregledni rad, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Alzheimer’s disease ; cognitive function ; receptors ; schizophrenia ; serotonin

Sažetak
Symptoms of cognitive dysfunction like memory loss, poor concentration, impaired learning and executive functions are characteristic features of both schizophrenia and Alzheimer’s disease (AD). The neurobiological mechanisms underlying cognition in healthy subjects and neuropsychiatric patients are not completely understood. Studies have focused on serotonin (5-HT) as one of the possible cognition-related biomarkers. The aim of this mini-review is to provide a summary of the current literature on the role of the serotonergic (5-HTergic) system in cognitive function, particularly in AD and schizophrenia. The role of the 5-HTergic system in cognition is modulated by the activity and function of 5- HT receptors (5-HTRs) classified into seven groups, which differ in structure, action, and localization. Many 5-HTRs are located in the regions linked to various cognitive processes. Preclinical studies using animal models of learning and memory, as well as clinical in vivo (neuroimaging) and in vitro (post-mortem) studies in humans have shown that alterations in 5-HTR activity influence cognitive performance. The current evidence implies that reduced 5-HT neurotransmission negatively influences cognitive functions and that normalization of 5-HT activity may have beneficial effects, suggesting that 5-HT and 5- HTRs represent important pharmacological targets for cognition enhancement and restoration of impaired cognitive performance in neuropsychiatric disorders.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Ustanove
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:


  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus


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