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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 810778

Molecular diversity of HIV-1 in Croatia


Grgić, Ivana; Planinić, Ana; Gorenec, Lana; Vince, Adriana; Begovac, Josip; Židovec Lepej, Snježana
Molecular diversity of HIV-1 in Croatia // The 7th National HIV/AIDS Congress and 2nd Central European HIV forum
Sibiu, Rumunjska, 2014. (predavanje, sažetak, ostalo)


Naslov
Molecular diversity of HIV-1 in Croatia

Autori
Grgić, Ivana ; Planinić, Ana ; Gorenec, Lana ; Vince, Adriana ; Begovac, Josip ; Židovec Lepej, Snježana

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, ostalo

Izvornik
The 7th National HIV/AIDS Congress and 2nd Central European HIV forum / - , 2014

Skup
The 7th National HIV/AIDS Congress and 2nd Central European HIV forum

Mjesto i datum
Sibiu, Rumunjska, 29.-31.5.2014.

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Neobjavljeni rad

Ključne riječi
HIV; Croatia

Sažetak
Croatia is a small southeastern European country with a low prevalence of HIV infection and a centralized system of clinical care. The cumulative number of HIV infections in the period 1985-2013 was 1, 102. The aim of this study was to analyze the distribution of HIV-1 subtypes in Croatia. The study enrolled 356 HIV-infected patients (86.2% males) receiving clinical care at the Croatian Reference Center for HIV/AIDS in the period 2000-2013. The patients were classified into three groups based on the year of genotyping and entrance to clinical care (2000-2005, 2006-2010 and 2011-2013). Population-based sequencing of the part of pol gene was performed by using TRUGENE® HIV-1 Genotyping System. HIV-1 subtypes were determined by HIV REGA Subtyping Tool. Subtype B was detected in 279 of 356 patients (78.37%). In the period 2000-2005, a total of 28.3% (47/166) of patients were infected with non-B subtypes. More recently, percentages of non-B subtypes decreased to 14.9% (20/134 patients, 2006-2010) and 17.8% (10 of 56 patients, 2011-2013). Non-B subtypes were detected in 27 of 49 (55.1%) HIV-infected women. A total of 93.1% (175/188) men who have sex with men (MSM) patients were infected with subtype B. The majority of HIV-1 infections in Croatia can be attributed to subtype B, particularly among MSM. Non-B subtypes are associated mainly with heterosexual transmission.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Kliničke medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
108-1080116-0098 - Epidemiološka i klinička obilježja zaraze HIV-om u Hrvatskoj (Josip Begovac, )
143-1080116-0097 - Imunološka rekonstitucija i rezistencija na lijekove u HIV-bolesnika iz Hrvatske (Snježana Židovec-Lepej, )

Ustanove
Medicinski fakultet, Zagreb,
Klinika za infektivne bolesti "Dr Fran Mihaljević"