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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 810565

Melittin induced cytogenetic damage, oxidative stress and changes in gene expression in human peripheral blood lymphocytes


Gajski, Goran; Domijan, Ana-Marija; Žegura, Bojana; Štern, Alja; Gerić, Marko; Novak Jovanović, Ivana; Vrhovac, Ivana; Madunić, Josip; Breljak, Davorka; Filipič, Metka; Garaj-Vrhovac, Vera
Melittin induced cytogenetic damage, oxidative stress and changes in gene expression in human peripheral blood lymphocytes // Toxicon, 110 (2016), 56-67 doi:10.1016/j.toxicon.2015.12.005 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Melittin induced cytogenetic damage, oxidative stress and changes in gene expression in human peripheral blood lymphocytes

Autori
Gajski, Goran ; Domijan, Ana-Marija ; Žegura, Bojana ; Štern, Alja ; Gerić, Marko ; Novak Jovanović, Ivana ; Vrhovac, Ivana ; Madunić, Josip ; Breljak, Davorka ; Filipič, Metka ; Garaj-Vrhovac, Vera

Izvornik
Toxicon (0041-0101) 110 (2016); 56-67

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Cytotoxicity ; gene expression ; genotoxicity ; human lymphocytes ; Melittin ; oxidative stress

Sažetak
Melittin (MEL) is the main constituent and principal toxin of bee venom. It is a small basic peptide, consisting of a known amino acid sequence, with powerful haemolytic activity. Since MEL is a nonspecific cytolytic peptide that attacks lipid membranes thus leading to toxicity, the presumption is that it could have significant therapeutic benefits. The aim was to evaluate the cyto/genotoxic effects of MEL in human peripheral blood lymphocytes (HPBLs) and the molecular mechanisms involved using a multi-biomarker approach. We found that MEL was cytotoxic for HPBLs in a dose- and time-dependent manner. It also induced morphological changes in the cell membrane, granulation and lysis of exposed cells. After treating HPBLs with non-cytotoxic concentrations of MEL, we observed increased DNA damage including oxidative DNA damage as well as increased formation of micronuclei and nuclear buds, and decreased lymphocyte proliferation determined by comet and micronucleus assays. The observed genotoxicity coincided with increased formation of reactive oxygen species, reduction of glutathione level, increased lipid peroxidation and phospholipase C activity, showing the induction of oxidative stress. MEL also modulated the expression of selected genes involved in DNA damage response (TP53, CDKN1A, GADD45α, MDM), oxidative stress (CAT, SOD1, GPX1, GSR and GCLC) and apoptosis (BAX, BCL-2, CAS-3 and CAS-7). Results indicate that MEL is genotoxic to HPBLs and provide evidence that oxidative stress is involved in its DNA damaging effects. MEL toxicity towards normal cells has to be considered if used for potential therapeutic purposes.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Biologija, Temeljne medicinske znanosti, Farmacija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
002-0222148-2146
022-0222148-2125 - Mutageni i antimutageni u ekogenetičkim istraživanjima (Vera Garaj-Vrhovac, )
022-0222148-2142 - Toksični učinci mikotoksina na ljude i životinje (Maja Peraica, )
119-0000000-3172 - Poli(ADPribozilacija, starenje i plazminogenska aktivacija u tumorskim stanicama (Maja Matulić, )

Ustanove
Farmaceutsko-biokemijski fakultet, Zagreb,
Institut za medicinska istraživanja i medicinu rada, Zagreb,
Prirodoslovno-matematički fakultet, Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


Uključenost u ostale bibliografske baze podataka:


  • Social Services Abstracts
  • Scopus


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