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Ovariectomy and chronic stress lead toward leptin resistance in the sastiety centers and insulin resistance in the hippocampus of Sprague-dawley rats


Ivić, Vedrana; Blažetić, Senka; Labak, Irena; Balog, Marta; Vondrak, Luka; Blažeković, Robert; Vari, Sandor G.; Heffer, Marija
Ovariectomy and chronic stress lead toward leptin resistance in the sastiety centers and insulin resistance in the hippocampus of Sprague-dawley rats // Croatian medical journal, 57 (2016), 2; 194-206 doi:10.3325/cmj.2016.57.194 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Ovariectomy and chronic stress lead toward leptin resistance in the sastiety centers and insulin resistance in the hippocampus of Sprague-dawley rats

Autori
Ivić, Vedrana ; Blažetić, Senka ; Labak, Irena ; Balog, Marta ; Vondrak, Luka ; Blažeković, Robert ; Vari, Sandor G. ; Heffer, Marija

Izvornik
Croatian medical journal (0353-9504) 57 (2016), 2; 194-206

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Brain ; chronic stress ; ovariectomy ; leptin receptor ; insulin receptor ; gonadal steroid receptors

Sažetak
(Aim) To evaluate the changes in the expression level of gonadal steroid, insulin, and leptin receptors in the brain of adult Sprague-Dawley female rats due to ovariectomy and/or chronic stress. (Methods) Sixteen-week-old ovariectomized and non- ovariectomized female Sprague-Dawley rats were divided in two groups and exposed to three 10-day- sessions of sham or chronic stress. After the last stress- session the brains were collected and free- floating immunohistochemical staining was performed using androgen (AR), progesterone (PR), estrogen-β (ER-β), insulin (IR-α), and leptin receptor (ObR) antibodies. The level of receptors expression was analyzed in hypothalamic (HTH), cortical (CTX), dopaminergic (VTA/SNC), and hippocampal regions (HIPP). (Results) Ovariectomy downregulated AR in the hypothalamic satiety centers and hippocampus. It prevented or attenuated the stress-specific upregulation of AR in these regions. The main difference in stress response between non- ovariectomized and ovariectomized females was in PR level. Ovariectomized ones had increased PR level in the HTH, VTA, and HIPP. Combination of stressors pushed the hypothalamic satiety centers toward the rise of ObR and susceptibility to leptin resistance. When exposed to combined stressors, the HIPP, SNC and piriform cortex upregulated the expression of IR-α and the possibility to develop insulin resistance. (Conclusion) Ovariectomy exacerbates the effect of chronic stress by preventing gonadal receptor- specific stress response reflected in the upregulation of AR in the satiety and hippocampal regions, while stress after ovariectomy usually raises PR. The final outcome of inadequate stress response is reflected in the upregulation of ObR in the satiety centers and IR-α in the regions susceptible to early neurodegeneration. We discussed the possibility of stress induced metabolic changes under conditions of hormone deprivation.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Biologija, Temeljne medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Ustanove
Medicinski fakultet, Osijek,
Sveučilište u Osijeku - Odjel za biologiju

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


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