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Histopathology investigation on the Vardar chub (Squalius vardarensis) populations captured from the rivers impacted by mining activities


Jordanova, Maja; Rebok, Katerina; Dragun, Zrinka; Ramani, Sheriban; Ivanova, Lozenka; Kostov, Vasil; Valić, Damir; Krasnići, Nesrete; Filipović Marijić, Vlatka; Kapetanović, Damir
Histopathology investigation on the Vardar chub (Squalius vardarensis) populations captured from the rivers impacted by mining activities // Ecotoxicology and environmental safety, 129 (2016), 35-42 doi:10.1016/j.ecoenv.2016.03.006 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Histopathology investigation on the Vardar chub (Squalius vardarensis) populations captured from the rivers impacted by mining activities

Autori
Jordanova, Maja ; Rebok, Katerina ; Dragun, Zrinka ; Ramani, Sheriban ; Ivanova, Lozenka ; Kostov, Vasil ; Valić, Damir ; Krasnići, Nesrete ; Filipović Marijić, Vlatka ; Kapetanović, Damir

Izvornik
Ecotoxicology and environmental safety (0147-6513) 129 (2016); 35-42

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Vardar chub ; histopathology ; mining ; monitoring ; liver ; gonads ; metal contamination

Sažetak
Many natural freshwater ecosystems, especially in the north eastern Macedonia, are polluted with heavy metals, which are released by active mines. Long-term exposure to high levels of dissolved metals might result in increased metal bioaccumulation in organs of aquatic organisms, and consequently might cause various sub-toxic and toxic effects. The aim of this study was to assess the health of Vardar chub (Squalius vardarensis) inhabiting mining impacted rivers Zletovska and Kriva, in comparison with chub from the reference Bregalnica River. It was done by use of indicators of tissue damage (histopathology of liver and gonads) and general indicators of exposure to environmental stressors (condition factor, organo- somatic indices and external/internal macroscopic lesions). Histological assessment of gonads revealed good reproductive health in all three rivers, indicating high tolerance of gonads to contaminant exposure. Contrary, several external/internal lesions were more pronounced in chub from severely metal contaminated Zletovska River. Prevalence of hepatic lesions was also higher in mining impacted rivers (in Kriva, 70% ; in Zletovska, 59%) compared to Bregalnica River (38%). The spectrum of histological lesions observed in chub liver varied from non-specific minor degenerative conditions, such as lymphocyte infiltration, fibrosis, parasites, granulomas and lipidosis, to extensive and/or more severe changes such as bile duct proliferation, necrosis, megalocytosis, light-dark hepatocytes and hepatocytes regeneration. The results of histopathological investigation for all three rivers showed clear signs of water contamination, especially prominent in mining influenced rivers. More research efforts should be devoted to study of environmental conditions and metal contamination in the mining impacted rivers worldwide, especially of their effects on health of local ichtyofauna.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Geologija, Biologija, Veterinarska medicina



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
098-0982934-2721 - Stanične promjene u vodnih organizama pobuđene metalima (Marijana Erk, )
098-0982934-2752 - Patologija organizama iz voda u odnosu na zagađivala i akvakulturu (Damir Kapetanović, )

Ustanove
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


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