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The role of conserved Cys residues in Brassica rapa auxin amidohydrolase: the Cys139 is crucial for the enzyme activity and the Cys320 regulates enzyme stability


Smolko, Ana; Šupljika, Filip; Martinčić, Jelena; Jajčanin-Jozić, Nina; Grabar- Branilović, Marina; Tomić, Sanja; Ludwig- Müller, Jutta; Piantanida, Ivo; Salopek- Sondi, Branka
The role of conserved Cys residues in Brassica rapa auxin amidohydrolase: the Cys139 is crucial for the enzyme activity and the Cys320 regulates enzyme stability // Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 18 (2016), 13; 8890-8900 doi:10.1039/c5cp06301a (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
The role of conserved Cys residues in Brassica rapa auxin amidohydrolase: the Cys139 is crucial for the enzyme activity and the Cys320 regulates enzyme stability

Autori
Smolko, Ana ; Šupljika, Filip ; Martinčić, Jelena ; Jajčanin-Jozić, Nina ; Grabar- Branilović, Marina ; Tomić, Sanja ; Ludwig- Müller, Jutta ; Piantanida, Ivo ; Salopek- Sondi, Branka

Izvornik
Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics (1463-9076) 18 (2016), 13; 8890-8900

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Auxin ; Auxin amidohydrolase ; Brassica rapa ; Cys residues ; Mn binding

Sažetak
Brassica rapa auxin amidohydrolase (BrILL2) participates in the homeostasis of the plant hormones auxins by hydrolyzing the amino acid conjugates of auxins, thereby releasing the free active form of hormones. Herein, a potential role of two conserved Cys residues of BrILL2 (at sequence position 139 and 320) has been investigated by using interdisciplinary approaches and methods of molecular biology, biochemistry, biophysics and molecular modelling. Obtained results show that both Cys residues participate in the regulation of enzyme activity. Cys320 located in the satellite domain of the enzyme is mainly responsible for protein stability and regulation of enzyme activity through polymer formation as was revealed by enzyme kinetics and differential scanning calorimetry analysis of the BrILL2 wild type and mutants C320S and C139S. Cys139 positioned in the active site of the catalytic domain is involved in the coordination of one Mn2+ ion of the bimetal center and it is crucial for the enzymatic activity. Although the point mutation Cys139 to Ser causes the loss of enzyme activity, it does not affect the metal binding to BrILL2 enzyme as was shown by isothermal titration calorimetry, circular dichroism spectropolarimetry and differential scanning calorimetry data. MD simulations (200 ns) revealed different active site architecture of the BrILL2C139S mutant in comparison to the wild type enzyme . Additional possible reasons for an inactivity of BrILL2C139S mutant have been discussed based on MD simulations and MM- PBSA free energy calculations of BrILL2 enzyme complexes (wt and C139S mutant) with substrate.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Kemija, Biologija

Napomena
DOI: 10.1039/C5CP06301A Projects: FP7-REGPOT- 2012-2013-1 Grant Agreement no. 316289 and the Alexander van Humboldt Institutional partnership between Ruđer Bošković Institute and the Technische Universität Dresden

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


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