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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 800897

Dynamic autoinoculation and the microbial ecology of a deep water hydrocarbon irruption


Valentine, David; Mezić, Igor; Maćešić, Senka; Črnjarić-Žic, Nelida; Ivić, Stefan; Hogan, Patrick; Fonoberov, Vladimir A.; Loire Sophie
Dynamic autoinoculation and the microbial ecology of a deep water hydrocarbon irruption // Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 109 (2012), 50; 20286-20291 doi:10.1073/pnas.1108820109 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Dynamic autoinoculation and the microbial ecology of a deep water hydrocarbon irruption

Autori
Valentine, David ; Mezić, Igor ; Maćešić, Senka ; Črnjarić-Žic, Nelida ; Ivić, Stefan ; Hogan, Patrick ; Fonoberov, Vladimir A. ; Loire Sophie

Izvornik
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (0027-8424) 109 (2012), 50; 20286-20291

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Oil spill ; Well blowout ; Intrusion layers ; Gulf of Mexico ; Oxygen Anomaly ; Reveals ; Spilled methane ; Fate ; Bacteria

Sažetak
The irruption of gas and oil into the Gulf of Mexico during the Deepwater Horizon event fed a deep sea bacterial bloom that consumed hydrocarbons in the affected waters, formed a regional oxygen anomaly, and altered the microbiology of the region. In this work, we develop a coupled physical-metabolic model to assess the impact of mixing processes on these deep ocean bacterial communities and their capacity for hydrocarbon and oxygen use. We find that observed biodegradation patterns are well-described by exponential growth of bacteria from seed populations present at low abundance and that current oscillation and mixing processes played a critical role in distributing hydrocarbons and associated bacterial blooms within the northeast Gulf of Mexico. Mixing processes also accelerated hydrocarbon degradation through an autoinoculation effect, where water masses, in which the hydrocarbon irruption had caused blooms, later returned to the spill site with hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria persisting at elevated abundance. Interestingly, although the initial irruption of hydrocarbons fed successive blooms of different bacterial types, subsequent irruptions promoted consistency in the structure of the bacterial community. These results highlight an impact of mixing and circulation processes on biodegradation activity of bacteria during the Deepwater Horizon event and suggest an important role for mixing processes in the microbial ecology of deep ocean environments.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Matematika, Fizika, Biologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Ustanove
Tehnički fakultet, Rijeka

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE
  • EconLit


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