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HIGH TEMPERATURE OPTICAL SPECTRA OF DIATOMIC MOLECULES: QUANTUM-MECHANICAL, SEMIQUANTUM AND SEMICLASICAL APPROACH


Beuc, Robert; Horvatić, Berislav; Movre, Mladen
HIGH TEMPERATURE OPTICAL SPECTRA OF DIATOMIC MOLECULES: QUANTUM-MECHANICAL, SEMIQUANTUM AND SEMICLASICAL APPROACH // 10th Serbian Conference on Spectral Line Shapes in Astrophysics
Srebrno jezero, Srbija, 2015. (pozvano predavanje, nije recenziran, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
HIGH TEMPERATURE OPTICAL SPECTRA OF DIATOMIC MOLECULES: QUANTUM-MECHANICAL, SEMIQUANTUM AND SEMICLASICAL APPROACH

Autori
Beuc, Robert ; Horvatić, Berislav ; Movre, Mladen

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Skup
10th Serbian Conference on Spectral Line Shapes in Astrophysics

Mjesto i datum
Srebrno jezero, Srbija, 15-19. 06. 2015

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Pozvano predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Nije recenziran

Ključne riječi
Apsorpcijski spektri; emisijski spektri; dvoatomske molekule
(Absorption spectra; emission spectra; diatomic molecules)

Sažetak
We developed a full quantum-mechanical procedure for calculating the absorption spectra of diatomic molecules, based on the Fourier grid Hamiltonian method for determining energies and the corresponding wave functions. “A molecule in a box” concept enables that all transitions between the bound, free, and quasibound states can be treated as bound-bound transitions. Using the classical Franck–Condon principle and the stationary–phase approximation, we developed a semiquantum simulation method of the spectrum. The approximation is in very good agreement with fully quantum–mechanical calculations, while its consumption of computer time is lower by four orders of magnitude. Coupled channel quantum–mechanical and semiquantum approaches correctly describe the optical spectra in the case of nonadiabatic mixing. Both methods were tested on the absorption spectra of potassium and rubidium molecules in the red and near–infrared region. In the case of local thermodynamic equilibrium the spontaneous emission coefficient and the linear absorption coefficient are related by Kirchhoff’s law, which enables the semiquantum approximation of the diatomic molecules’ emission spectra as well. Using the latest ab initio calculations of electronic potentials and dipole moments of cesium molecules, we made a numerical simulation of the red and near– infrared (600 – 1300 nm) absorption and emission spectrum of a dense cesium vapor for temperatures within the range 600 – 1500 K. The generalized Airy approximation of the canonical oscillating integrals was applied to the semiclassical calculation of thermally averaged spectral profiles of optical transitions of diatomic molecules, where the characteristic difference potential curve has a few critical points. Our study suggests that the semiquantum and semiclassical numerical simulation of the absorption/emission spectra can be an efficient tool for the diagnostics of hot vapors and are suitable for the determination of the number density and temperature of the vapors of diatomic molecules.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Fizika



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
HrZZ - IP-11-2013-2753

Ustanove
Institut za filozofiju, Zagreb