Napredna pretraga

Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 800575

Third molar maturity index (I3M) for assessing age of majority in a black African population in Botswana


Cavrić, Jelena; Galić, Ivan; Vodanović, Marin; Brkić, Hrvoje; Gregov, Jelena; Viva, Serena; Reu; Laura, Paula; Cameriere, Roberto
Third molar maturity index (I3M) for assessing age of majority in a black African population in Botswana // International journal of legal medicine, 130 (2016), 4; 1109-1120 doi:10.1007/s00414-016-1344-1 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Third molar maturity index (I3M) for assessing age of majority in a black African population in Botswana

Autori
Cavrić, Jelena ; Galić, Ivan ; Vodanović, Marin ; Brkić, Hrvoje ; Gregov, Jelena ; Viva, Serena ; Reu ; Laura, Paula ; Cameriere, Roberto

Izvornik
International journal of legal medicine (0937-9827) 130 (2016), 4; 1109-1120

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Botswana ; legal medicine ; third molar maturity index ; accompanied minor ; age estimation ; age of majority

Sažetak
Assessment of legal age, also known as age of majority is a controversial issue as there are few body biomarkers or evidence during late adolescence differentiating a subject from being a minor or adult. The third molar was recognized as a suitable site for age examination in late adolescence. We analyzed the development of the left mandibular third molar by the third molar maturity index (I3M) and a specific cut-off value of I3M =0.08, established by Cameriere et al. in 2008 and used it for discriminating between minors and adult black Africans from Gaborone, Botswana. A final sample of panoramic radiographs (OPTs) of 1294 living (582 males and 712 females) aged between 13 and 23 years, was evaluated. The real age decreased as I3M gradually increased. There was no statistically significant difference in the third molar development evaluated using I3M between males and females (p >0.05) across different I3M classes. Results of 22 contingency tables for different cut-off values indicated that I3M =0.08 was useful in discriminating between adults and minors. Precisely, for I3M =0.08, the values of accuracy or overall fraction of correctly classified were 0.91 in males with a 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 0.88 to 0.93 and 0.92 (95% CI, 0.90 to 0.93) in females. Values of sensitivity of the test or the proportion of participants being 18 years and older, were 0.88 (95%CI, 0.87 to 0.90) in males and 0.88 (95% CI, 0.90 to 0.93) in females, while values of specificity or proportion of individuals younger than 18 who have I3M <0.08, were 0.94 (95% CI, 0.91 to 0.96) in males and 0.96 (95% CI, 0.94 to 0.98) in females. Positive predictive values of the test, that the participants whose I3M <0.08 were adults, were 0.94 (95% CI 0.91 to 0.96) in males and 0.97 (95% CI, 0.94 to 0.98) in females while negative predictive values of the test, that the participants whose I3M was ≥0.08 were minors, were 0.88 (95% CI 0.85 to 0.90) in males and 0.97 (95% CI, 0.94 to 0.98) in females. The likelihood ratios of the positive test (LR+) were 13.67 (95% CI, 9.21 to 21.02) in males and 23.73 (95% CI, 14.20 to 42.28) in females while likelihood ratios of the negative test (LR-) were 0.12 (95% CI 0.10 to 0.16) in males and 0.12 (95% CI, 0.11 to 0.15) in females. Bayes post-test probabilities, p, were 0.94 (95% CI 0.90 to 0.98) in males and 0.97 (95%CI, 0.93 to 1.00) in females. These results indicate with high accuracy that I3M may be a useful alternative method in legal and forensic practice to discriminate individuals of black African origin who are around the legal adult age of 18 years in Botswana. Further studies should address the usefulness of this method and specific cut-off for different adolescent populations.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne medicinske znanosti, Kliničke medicinske znanosti, Javno zdravstvo i zdravstvena zaštita



POVEZANOST RADA


Ustanove
Stomatološki fakultet, Zagreb,
Klinički bolnički centar Zagreb,
Medicinski fakultet, Split

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


Uključenost u ostale bibliografske baze podataka:


  • BIOSIS Previews (Biological Abstracts)


Citati