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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 791622

Are patients with truncal type of Stiff Person Syndrome hidden in a heterogenous group of non-radiographic axial spondyloarthritis?

Marinović, Ivanka; Pivalica, Dinko; Aljinović, Jure; Vlak, Tonko; Bilić, Ervina; Škorić, Ela; Stipić, Marija; Martinović Kaliterna, Dušanka
Are patients with truncal type of Stiff Person Syndrome hidden in a heterogenous group of non-radiographic axial spondyloarthritis? // Clinical and experimental rheumatology, 33 (2015), 3; 447-447 (podatak o recenziji nije dostupan, pismo, stručni)

Are patients with truncal type of Stiff Person Syndrome hidden in a heterogenous group of non-radiographic axial spondyloarthritis?

Marinović, Ivanka ; Pivalica, Dinko ; Aljinović, Jure ; Vlak, Tonko ; Bilić, Ervina ; Škorić, Ela ; Stipić, Marija ; Martinović Kaliterna, Dušanka

Clinical and experimental rheumatology (0392-856X) 33 (2015), 3; 447-447

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, pismo, stručni

Ključne riječi
Stiff Person Syndrome; Diagnosis; Disease; Rheumatology

Sirs, We have recently published a paper entitled “Extremely rare coincidence of non-radio graphic axial spondyloarthropathy HLA- B27 positive and stiff person syndrome rheumatologist point of view“ in which we were the first to describe such a coincidence (1). In the three months following the publication of our case report, we have received e-mails from two patients in the United States of America (USA) that had been treated as non-radiographic HLA B27 positive spondyloarthritis for 10 years until they have been diagnosed with anti-GAD positive stiff person syndrome (SPS). Their story is similar to our patient’s and we believe that HLA B27 positive in truncal form of stiff person syndrome may not be as rare as we thought. It seems that there is an entire subgroup of patients with non radiolographic axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) that are B27 positive and have SPS. Non-radiographic spondyloarthritis that does not involve radiographic changes of the sacroiliac joints was acknowledged as a variant of axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) in 2009. by Assessment of Spondyloarthritis International Society (ASAS). Besides the non-radiografic spondyloarthritis, these criteria include ankylosing spondylitis (that fulfils the modified New York criteria) in axSpA group (2). A paper was published on national prevalence of axSpA in the USA following ASAS criteria to 0.70% (701 per 100, 000 individuals). The prevalence estimates of ankylosing spondylitis and non radiographic axial SpA are 0.35%, respectively (3). Although there are clinical similarities between patients with axSpA, a growing number of papers testify to the heterogeneity of non-radiographic axial spondyloarthritis. Furthermore, these papers emphasise the need for further observation of non-radio graphic axSpA in order to define the disease, the treatment and the prognosis more precisely (4-6). SPS is a rare autoimmune neurological disorder. It is characterised by progressive stiffness and rigidity and the prominence of truncal muscles accompanied with co-contraction of agonist and antagonist muscles. Its prevalence is less than 1 in a million individuals. Auto-antibodies against glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) are present in 80% of all patients (7), while amphiphysine antibody is present in fewer patients and is connected to cervical stiffness (8). Since we are now aware of three cases of HLA B27 positive of non radiographic axSpA and SPS, we think that in the group of patients with the diagnosis of non-radiographic axSpA HLA-B27 +, an additional anti-GAD, amphiphysine antibodies together with EMG of paravertebral muscles should be done to exclude SPS. We presume that HLA typisation of truncal form of SPS might show high HLA-B27 incidence. However, there is a possibility that non-radiographic axSpA is misdiagnosed in some patients with truncal rigidity and that those patients have unrecognised SPS. Related to that, attention should be focused on patients that do not react well to disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (especially anti-TNF drugs) and in whom the stiffness of paravertebral muscles persists. Our dilemma is best summed up in the question: is it really a coincidence of two diseases or were the patients with Stiff-Person syndrome misdiagnosed from the start? In order to answer our question, we have started a multicenter research trial in which all the patients with non-radiographic axSpA and SPS will be included and we will try to compare their clinical, radiological and laboratory findings. Our plan is to collect more data about these conditions that will help physicians in the early detection and differential diagnosis of these two autoimmune diseases. Moreover, we are willing to cooperate with other medical centres, which are also considering that the real nature of this new axSpA group is still not familiar enough. Since there is a significant heterogeneity of clinical and radiological presentation of axSpA, long-term studies are needed to better understand this disease and to achieve greater homogeneity (6).

Izvorni jezik

Znanstvena područja
Kliničke medicinske znanosti

Časopis indeksira:

  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus

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