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Comparative determination of the efficacy of bispyridinium oximes in paraoxon poisoning


Žunec, Suzana; Radić, Božica; Kuča, Kamil; Musilek, Kamil; Lucić Vrdoljak, Ana
Comparative determination of the efficacy of bispyridinium oximes in paraoxon poisoning // Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju, 66 (2015), 129-134 doi:10.1515/aiht-2015-66-2623 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Comparative determination of the efficacy of bispyridinium oximes in paraoxon poisoning

Autori
Žunec, Suzana ; Radić, Božica ; Kuča, Kamil ; Musilek, Kamil ; Lucić Vrdoljak, Ana

Izvornik
Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju (0004-1254) 66 (2015); 129-134

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Acute toxicity; Mice; Therapeutic efficacy

Sažetak
The inability of standard therapy to provide adequate protection against poisoning by organophosphorus compounds (pesticides and nerve agents) motivated us to search for new, more effective oximes. We investigated the pharmacotoxicological properties of six experimental K-oximes (K027, K033, K048, K074, K075, and K203) in vivo. The therapeutic efficacy of K-oximes (at doses of 5 or 25 % of their LD50) combined with atropine was assessed in paraoxon-poisoned mice and compared with conventionally used oximes HI-6 and TMB-4. The bisoxime K074 was the most toxic (LD50=21.4 mg kg-1) to mice, while monoxime K027 was the least toxic (LD50=672.8 mg kg-1). With the exception of K033, all of the tested K-oximes showed better therapeutic efficiency than HI-6 and TMB-4. K027 and K048 stood out by demonstrating low acute toxicities and ensuring protective indices ranging from 60.0 to 100.0 LD50 of paraoxon. Taking into account that these two oximes showed a similar therapeutic efficacy regardless of the applied doses, our results suggest that K027 and K048 could be antidotes for paraoxon intoxication.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Ustanove
Institut za medicinska istraživanja i medicinu rada, Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:


  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


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