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Verification of the operational 10 m wind forecast obtained with the aladin mesoscale numerical weather prediction model


Hrastinski, Mario; Horvath, Kristian; Odak Plenković, Iris; Ivatek-Šahdan, Stjepan; Bajić, Alica
Verification of the operational 10 m wind forecast obtained with the aladin mesoscale numerical weather prediction model // Hrvatski meteorološki časopis, 50 (2015), 105-120 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Verification of the operational 10 m wind forecast obtained with the aladin mesoscale numerical weather prediction model

Autori
Hrastinski, Mario ; Horvath, Kristian ; Odak Plenković, Iris ; Ivatek-Šahdan, Stjepan ; Bajić, Alica

Izvornik
Hrvatski meteorološki časopis (1330-0083) 50 (2015); 105-120

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Wind forecast ; complex terrain ; ALADIN ; statistical verification ; spectral verification

Sažetak
This paper presents the results of the verification of operational 10 m wind forecast obtained with the ALADIN mesoscale numerical weather prediction model. In the period 2010-2012. ALADIN/ALARO 8 km forecasts were initialized daily at 0000 UTC and driven with the ARPEGE global model forecasts through the 72-hourly forecasting range. Obtained forecasts were further refined to 2 km grid spacing, using the simplified and cost-effective dynamical adaptation method (ALADIN/DADA 2 km forecasts). Since the primary objective of this study is to assess the efficiency of wind forecast in regions of complex terrain as well as high wind energy potential, eight stations from different wind climate regions of the eastern Adriatic coast were selected to perform the verification procedure. Based on variety of statistical and spectral scores, it is suggested that the wind forecast generally improves with the increase of horizontal resolution. At bora dominated stations, the multiplicative mean systematic error is reduced by more than 50%. The largest portion of root-mean square errors can be attributed to dispersion or phase errors at majority of stations and their contribution increases with model horizontal resolution. Spectral analysis in the wavenumber domain suggests that the slope of kinetic energy spectra of both models decreases from k-3 in the upper troposphere towards ~ k-5/3 near the surface (corresponding to orography spectra) and shows minor seasonal variability. Spectral decomposition of measured and modeled data in the frequency domain indicates a significant improvement in simulating the primary and secondary maximum of spectral power (related to synoptic and diurnal motions) by using the ALADIN/DADA 2 km model, especially for the cross-mountain wind component mostly related to strong and gusty bora flows. Finally, the common feature of both models is a significant underestimation of motions at scales below semi-diurnal, which is a result of theirabsence in initial conditions and of limited model ability to represent small-scale processes.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Geologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Ustanove
Državni hidrometeorološki zavod

Časopis indeksira:


  • Scopus