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Numerical modelling of thermo-chemical processes inside a cement calciner for a cleaner cement production


Mikulčić, Hrvoje
Numerical modelling of thermo-chemical processes inside a cement calciner for a cleaner cement production, 2015., doktorska disertacija, Fakultet strojarstva i brodogradnje, Zagreb


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Naslov
Numerical modelling of thermo-chemical processes inside a cement calciner for a cleaner cement production

Autori
Mikulčić, Hrvoje

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Ocjenski radovi, doktorska disertacija

Fakultet
Fakultet strojarstva i brodogradnje

Mjesto
Zagreb

Datum
27.10.2015

Godina
2015

Stranica
167

Mentor
Duić, Neven

Ključne riječi
Numerical modelling; Calcination process; Combustion; Coal; Biomass; Plastic; Solid Recovered Fuel

Sažetak
The present cement production is facing two main problems. The first one is the production of large amount of greenhouse gases, around 5 % of world’s anthropogenic CO2 emissions, and second one is the high fuel prices, mainly coal. The cement producers are therefore under increasing pressure to reduce their fossil fuel consumption and associated greenhouse gases emissions. It was found that partial substitution of coal by alternative fuels like waste derived fuels and biomass may play a major role in the reduction of CO2 emissions. As waste disposal at landfills is the last option in the waste management strategy, energy recovery of waste derived fuels, commonly known as solid recovered fuels – SRF, in the cement industry has a high potential. Incineration of high share of SRF in cement calciners still faces significant challenges, mainly because it is well known that the use of alternative fuels in existing pulverized burners alters the flame shape, the temperature profile inside the furnace, and the burnout of the fuels used. A possibility for the ex- ante control and investigation of the incineration process are computational fluid dynamics - CFD simulations. CFD simulations have shown to be a powerful tool during the development and optimisation of chemical engineering processes and involved apparatuses. They can show some important flow characteristics and mixing phenomena, which cannot be experimentally investigated, and because of that CFD together with experiments and theory, has become an integral component of combustion research. The main focus of this work was to achieve a physically accurate and numerically efficient method for simulation of thermo-chemical processes occurring inside a cement calciner. This implied good knowledge of state-of-the-art solid fuel combustion models, such as coal, biomass and solid recovered fuel combustion model, as well as proper definition of the endothermic calcination process. In order to correctly numerically study the role and interaction of solid fuel combustion and limestone calcination within cement calciner, new and improved physical and chemical models were introduced. To verify the accuracy of the modelling approach, the new models were extensively analysed, and the numerical predictions of each new model was compared with experimental data. To represent the applicability of the modelling approach, three different three dimensional geometries of real industrial cement calciners were used for the numerical simulations.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Strojarstvo



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekti:
120-1201918-1920 - Racionalno skladištenje energije za održivi razvoj energetike (Duić, Neven, MZOS ) ( POIROT)

Ustanove:
Fakultet strojarstva i brodogradnje, Zagreb

Profili:

Avatar Url Neven Duić (mentor)

Avatar Url Hrvoje Mikulčić (autor)


Citiraj ovu publikaciju:

Mikulčić, Hrvoje
Numerical modelling of thermo-chemical processes inside a cement calciner for a cleaner cement production, 2015., doktorska disertacija, Fakultet strojarstva i brodogradnje, Zagreb
Mikulčić, H. (2015) 'Numerical modelling of thermo-chemical processes inside a cement calciner for a cleaner cement production', doktorska disertacija, Fakultet strojarstva i brodogradnje, Zagreb.
@phdthesis{phdthesis, author = {Mikul\v{c}i\'{c}, H.}, year = {2015}, pages = {167}, keywords = {Numerical modelling, Calcination process, Combustion, Coal, Biomass, Plastic, Solid Recovered Fuel}, title = {Numerical modelling of thermo-chemical processes inside a cement calciner for a cleaner cement production}, keyword = {Numerical modelling, Calcination process, Combustion, Coal, Biomass, Plastic, Solid Recovered Fuel}, publisherplace = {Zagreb} }
@phdthesis{phdthesis, author = {Mikul\v{c}i\'{c}, H.}, year = {2015}, pages = {167}, keywords = {Numerical modelling, Calcination process, Combustion, Coal, Biomass, Plastic, Solid Recovered Fuel}, title = {Numerical modelling of thermo-chemical processes inside a cement calciner for a cleaner cement production}, keyword = {Numerical modelling, Calcination process, Combustion, Coal, Biomass, Plastic, Solid Recovered Fuel}, publisherplace = {Zagreb} }




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