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Dietary items as possible sources of 137CS in large carnivores in the Gorski Kotar forest ecosystem, Western Croatia


Šprem, Nikica; Piria, Marina; Barišić, Domagoj; Kusak, Josip; Barišić, Delko
Dietary items as possible sources of 137CS in large carnivores in the Gorski Kotar forest ecosystem, Western Croatia // Science of the total environment, 542A (2016), Part A; 826-832 doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.11.004 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Dietary items as possible sources of 137CS in large carnivores in the Gorski Kotar forest ecosystem, Western Croatia

Autori
Šprem, Nikica ; Piria, Marina ; Barišić, Domagoj ; Kusak, Josip ; Barišić, Delko

Izvornik
Science of the total environment (0048-9697) 542A (2016), Part A; 826-832

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Radionuclides; Ursus arctos; Canis lupus; Lynx lynx; transfer factor; environment pollution

Sažetak
The mountain forest ecosystem of Gorski Kotar is distant from any significant sources of environmental pollution, though recent findings have revealed that this region is among the most intense 137Cs contaminated area in Croatia. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate 137Cs and 40K load in three large predator species in the mountain forest ecosystem. Radionuclides mass activities were determined by the gamma-spectrometric method in the muscle tissue of brown bear (47), wolf (7), lynx (1) and golden jackal (2). The highest 137Cs mass activity was found in lynx (153 Bqkg-1), followed by brown bear (132 Bqkg-1), wolf (22.2 Bqkg-1), and golden jackal (2.48 Bqkg-1). Analysis of 63 samples of dietary items suggests that they are not all potentially dominant sources of 137Cs for wildlife. The most important source of radionuclides for the higher parts of the food- chain from the study area were found to be the mushroom species wood hedgehog (Hydnum repandum), with a transfer factor TF of 5.166, and blueberry (Vaccinium myrtillus) as a plant species (TF = 2.096). Food items of animal origin indicated higher mass activity of radionuclides and therefore are possible moderate bioindicators of environmental pollution. The results also revealed that possible unknown wild animal food sources are a caesium source in the study region, and further study is required to illuminate this issue.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Biologija, Poljoprivreda (agronomija)



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
098-0982934-2713 - Radionuklidi i elementi u tragovima u okolišnim sustavima (Delko Barišić, )

Ustanove
Veterinarski fakultet, Zagreb,
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb,
Agronomski fakultet, Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


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