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Rapid and multiband variability of the TeV bright active nucleus of the galaxy IC 310

Aleksić, Jelena; ...; Babić, Ana; ...; Dominis Prester, Dijana; ...; Ferenc, Daniel; ...; Godinović, Nikola; ... et al.
Rapid and multiband variability of the TeV bright active nucleus of the galaxy IC 310 // Astronomy and astrophysics, 563 (2014), A91; 1-9 doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201321938 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)

Rapid and multiband variability of the TeV bright active nucleus of the galaxy IC 310

Aleksić, Jelena ; ... ; Babić, Ana ; ... ; Dominis Prester, Dijana ; ... ; Ferenc, Daniel ; ... ; Godinović, Nikola ; ... ; Hrupec, Dario ; ... ; Lelas, Damir ; ... ; Puljak, Ivica ; ... ; Surić, Tihomir ; ... ; Šnidarić, Iva ; ... ; Terzić, Tomislav ; ...

Astronomy and astrophysics (0004-6361) 563 (2014), A91; 1-9

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Galaxies active; galaxies individual; IC 310; gamma rays galaxies; X-rays galaxies

Context. The radio galaxy IC 310 has recently been identified as a gamma-ray emitter based on observations at GeV energies with Fermi-LAT and at very high energies (VHE, E > 100 GeV) with the MAGIC telescopes. Originally classified as a head-tail radio galaxy, the nature of this object is subject of controversy since its nucleus shows blazar-like behavior. Aims. To understand the nature of IC 310 and the origin of the VHE emission, we studied the spectral and flux variability of IC 310 from the X-ray band to the VHE γ-ray regime. Methods. The light curve of IC 310 above 300 GeV has been measured with the MAGIC telescopes from 2009 October to 2010 February. Contemporaneous Fermi-LAT data (2008−2011) in the 10−500 GeV energy range were also analyzed. In the X-ray regime, archival observations from 2003 to 2007 with XMM-Newton, Chandra, and Swift-XRT in the 0.5 - 10 keV band were studied. Results. The VHE light curve reveals several high-amplitude and short-duration flares. Day-to-day flux variability is clearly present (>5 sigma). The photon index between 120 GeV and 8 TeV remains at the value Gamma ~ 2.0 during both low and high flux states. The VHE spectral shape does not show significant variability, whereas the flux at 1 TeV changes by a factor of ~7. Fermi-LAT detected only eight gamma-ray events in the energy range 10 GeV - 500 GeV in three years of observation. The measured photon index of Gamma = 1.3 +- 0.5 in the Fermi-LAT range is very hard. The X-ray measurements show strong variability in both flux and photon index. The latter varied from 1.76 +- 0.07 to 2.55 +- 0.07. Conclusions. The rapid variability measured in gamma-rays and X-rays confirms the blazar-like behavior of IC 310. The multi-TeV gamma-ray emission seems to originate from scales of less than 80 Schwarzschild radii (for a black hole mass of 2 × 10^8 Sun mass) within the compact core of its FR I radio jet with orientation angle 10−38 degrees. The spectral energy distribution resembles that of an extreme blazar, albeit the luminosity is more than two orders of magnitude lower.

Izvorni jezik

Znanstvena područja


Projekt / tema
HRZZ-09/176 - Visokoenergijska astronomija gama zraka teleskopima MAGIC (Nikola Godinović, )

Fakultet elektrotehnike, strojarstva i brodogradnje, Split,
Fakultet elektrotehnike i računarstva, Zagreb,
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb,
Sveučilište u Rijeci - Odjel za fiziku

Časopis indeksira:

  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus