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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 780923

Enteral and parenteral nutrition in acute pancreatitis - Cochrane analysis


Poropat, Goran
Enteral and parenteral nutrition in acute pancreatitis - Cochrane analysis // 7. kongres Hrvatskog gastroenterološkog društva s međunarodnim sudjelovanjem
Opatija, Hrvatska, 2015. (pozvano predavanje, domaća recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Enteral and parenteral nutrition in acute pancreatitis - Cochrane analysis

Autori
Poropat, Goran

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
7. kongres Hrvatskog gastroenterološkog društva s međunarodnim sudjelovanjem / - , 2015

Skup
7. kongres Hrvatskog gastroenterološkog društva s međunarodnim sudjelovanjem

Mjesto i datum
Opatija, Hrvatska, 1-4.10.2015

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Pozvano predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Domaća recenzija

Ključne riječi
Pancreatitis; Meta-analysis; Nutrition; Systematic review

Sažetak
Introduction: Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a common disease with increasing incidence. Severe cases are characterized with high mortality and despite improvements in intensive care management, there is still no specific treatment that relevantly benefits clinical outcome. Aims & Methods: To assess effects of different enteral nutrition (EN) formulations in patients with AP. We conducted searches of Medline, Embase, Central, and SCI-E for RCTs assessing use of a specific EN formula compared to control (other EN formula, TPN, placebo, or no intervention). We assessed the following outcomes: mortality, organ failure, and local septic complications (LSC). Results: Twenty-five RCTs with a total of 1979 patients were included. Immunonutrition significantly decreased mortality (P=0.005), but subgroup analysis comparing immunonutrition to another EN did not confirm this finding. Probiotics did not confirm any significant effect, however sensitivity analysis by exclusion of one trial with inconsistent results showed decrease in mortality (P=0.02) and LSC (P=0.002), but not organ failure. Semi-elemental EN reduced mortality (P=0.002), organ failure (P<0.00001), and LSC (P<0.00001). Few trials evaluated polymeric and fibre-enriched formulas, showing no significant effect. Any EN compared to TPN confirmed reduced mortality (P<0.0001), organ failure (P<0.00001) and LSC (P<0.00001), and any EN compared to no intervention was associated with lower mortality (P=0.01). Conclusion: Whether supplementation of EN with potential immunomodulatory agents leads to beneficial effects is still debatable. Studies assessing probiotics yielded inconsistent results, therefore we do not support the routine use of these formulations in clinical practice, but further research is required. EN is significantly more efficient than TPN and no nutritional support.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Kliničke medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
062-0000000-0211 - Učinci enteralne prehrane u teškom akutnom pankreatitisu (Davor Štimac, )

Ustanove
Medicinski fakultet, Rijeka,
Klinički bolnički centar Rijeka

Autor s matičnim brojem:
Goran Poropat, (303065)