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The unexpected snowstorm of 13–14 January 2002 in Zagreb


Jurčec, Vesna; Dragojlović, Dragoslav
The unexpected snowstorm of 13–14 January 2002 in Zagreb // Geofizika, 27 (2010), 127-145 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
The unexpected snowstorm of 13–14 January 2002 in Zagreb

Autori
Jurčec, Vesna ; Dragojlović, Dragoslav

Izvornik
Geofizika (0352-3659) 27 (2010); 127-145

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Middle-upper tropospheric front; potential vorticity; tropopause break; “feeder-seeder” washout process

Sažetak
The purpose of this paper is to present the causes of an unusual event of local snowstorm which lasted continuously for 28 hours resulting in 23 cm of snow. It was poorly forecasted since it occurred under a steady surface anticy - clone in south-eastern Europe, east of the Alps. In the troposphere the most noteworthy feature was the middle-upper tropospheric front in an environ- ment marked by sinking motion presented by the Q vectors field. It formed upstream from an intensifying cold trough in less than half a day. Another ex- traordinary feature was a low tropopause with a breaking region exchanging tropospheric and stratospheric air just above the area of Zagreb. The pro- cesses which mainly characterised this event in synoptic scale were advec- tions of potential vorticity in the stratosphere and troposphere along the tro- pospheric cold trough. The interactions of orographically induced polar air upsloping clouds by synoptic scale in westerlies and the low level mesoscale saturated air, influ- enced by the terrain in the area of Zagreb by easterly flow, were considered the causes of the snowfall. Such an event leads to the “feeder-seeder” process in which large scale ascent generating higher level seeder clouds containing ice droplets large enough to efficiently washout precipitation to interact with the lower level (feeder) moisture area and cause precipitation. This is consid - ered one of the few significant mesoscale precipitation processes that is essen - tially entirely microphysical in nature.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Geologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Ustanove
Državni hidrometeorološki zavod

Autor s matičnim brojem:
Vesna Jurčec, (19220)

Časopis indeksira:


  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus