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Ionic Surfactant Adsorption on Cationized Lyocell Fibers


Višić, Ksenija; Grgić, Katia; Tarbuk, Anita; Pušić, Tanja
Ionic Surfactant Adsorption on Cationized Lyocell Fibers // Book of Proceedings of the 8th Central European Conference on Fiber-grade Polymers, Chemical Fibers and Special Textiles / Dekanić, Tihana ; Tarbuk, Anita (ur.).
Zagreb: University of Zagreb, Faculty of Textile Technology, 2015. str. 103-108 (poster, međunarodna recenzija, cjeloviti rad (in extenso), znanstveni)


Naslov
Ionic Surfactant Adsorption on Cationized Lyocell Fibers

Autori
Višić, Ksenija ; Grgić, Katia ; Tarbuk, Anita ; Pušić, Tanja

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u zbornicima skupova, cjeloviti rad (in extenso), znanstveni

Izvornik
Book of Proceedings of the 8th Central European Conference on Fiber-grade Polymers, Chemical Fibers and Special Textiles / Dekanić, Tihana ; Tarbuk, Anita - Zagreb : University of Zagreb, Faculty of Textile Technology, 2015, 103-108

ISBN
978-953-7105-63-1

Skup
8th Central European Conference on Fiber-grade Polymers, Chemical Fibers and Special Textiles

Mjesto i datum
Zagreb, Hrvatska, 16-18.09.2015

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Lyocell; Cationization; Electrokinetic Phenomena; Surfactant Adsorption

Sažetak
The most important phase in textile finishing processes is adsorption of chemical compounds and substances on textile materials surface. Lyocell fibers, like most textile fibers, are negatively charged in neutral and alkali aqueous solutions. Therefore, the adsorption of anionic textile auxiliaries, dyestuffs, optical brighteners and finishing agents is difficult due to repulsive forces. Therefore, in this paper Lyocell fibers were cationized with three different compounds - short chain quaternary ammonium compounds, 3-chloro-2-hydroxypropyl-trimethyl ammonium chloride (CHPTAC), and long chain commercial products for the same purpose – cationic reactive polyammonium compounds Rewin OS (CHT/Bezema), and Rewin DWR (CHT/Bezema). Surfactants are essential for wet treatment of textiles. Its adsorption highly depends on ionogenity, particle size, and length of hydrophobic part as well as treatment conditions applied. For that reason, the ionic surfactant adsorption below and above critical micellar concentration (CMC) were investigated, as well as electrokinetic potential and specific amount of surface charge of such cationized Lyocell fibers.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski



POVEZANOST RADA


Ustanove
Tekstilno-tehnološki fakultet, Zagreb