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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 775940

Magnetic observatories: biases over CHAMP satellite mission

Verbanac, Giuliana; Mandea, Mioara; Bandic, Mario; Subasic, Senad
Magnetic observatories: biases over CHAMP satellite mission // Solid Earth, 6 (2015), 775-781 doi:10.5194/se-6-775-2015 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)

Magnetic observatories: biases over CHAMP satellite mission

Verbanac, Giuliana ; Mandea, Mioara ; Bandic, Mario ; Subasic, Senad

Solid Earth (1869-9510) 6 (2015); 775-781

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Magnetic observatories; biases; external magnetic field; CHAMP satellite mission

Taking advantage of 9 years of the CHAMP (CHAllenging Minisatellite Payload) satellite mission (June 2000–August 2009), we investigate the temporal evolution of the observatory monthly magnetic biases. To determine these biases we compute X (northward), Y (eastward) and Z (vertically downward) monthly means from 42 observatory 1 min values or hourly values, and compare them to synthetic monthly means obtained from a G field model (Lesur et al., 2015). Afterwards, the average of biases at all observatories over 9 years is calculated and analyzed. Both the long-term trends and short-period variations (hereafter variations) around these averages are then investigated. The simple oscillatory pattern of , found at all observatories and in each component over the entire considered period, indicates that the crustal field has not changed. A comparison with both MAGSAT and Ørsted bi- ases given for epochs 1979.92 and 1999.92 which are based on 2 single months (November and December) of MAGSAT and Ørsted satellite data, respectively, further shows that the crustal field has probably remained constant over last 3 decades. The long-trend seen in reflects the changes within the solar cycle 23. The short period variations observed in the time series are related to the external field. The ampli- tudes of these variations are found to be in phase with solar cycle periods, being remarkably larger over 2000–2005 than 2006–2009. Furthermore, clear semi-annual variations are observed in , with larger extremes appearing mostly around October and November, and around May and June of each year in X, and vice versa in Y and Z. A common external field pattern is found for the European monthly biases. The dependence of the bias monthly variations on geomagnetic latitudes is not found for non-European observatories. The results from this study represent a base to further exploit the magnetic biases computed for observatories and repeat station locations together by using data from the new satellite mission Swarm.

Izvorni jezik

Znanstvena područja


Prirodoslovno-matematički fakultet, Zagreb

Autor s matičnim brojem:
Giuliana Verbanac, (255244)

Časopis indeksira:

  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus