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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 775864

Effect of farm size, season and stage of lactation on milk urea concentration in Simmental cows


Ivanković, Ante; Špehar, Marija; Konjačić, Miljenko; Ramljak, Jelena
Effect of farm size, season and stage of lactation on milk urea concentration in Simmental cows // Proceedings and Abstracts Book of International Symposium on Animal Science 2015
Novi Sad: Faculty of Agriculture, 2015. str. 165-165 (poster, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, ostalo)


Naslov
Effect of farm size, season and stage of lactation on milk urea concentration in Simmental cows

Autori
Ivanković, Ante ; Špehar, Marija ; Konjačić, Miljenko ; Ramljak, Jelena

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, ostalo

Izvornik
Proceedings and Abstracts Book of International Symposium on Animal Science 2015 / - Novi Sad : Faculty of Agriculture, 2015, 165-165

ISBN
978-86-7520-346-9

Skup
International Symposium on Animal Science 2015

Mjesto i datum
Novi Sad, Srbija, 09.-11.09.2015

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Urea; milk; dairy cows; Simmental

Sažetak
Urea as metabolic product in cow milk is a result of digestion of nitrogen component in the food. Milk urea concentration is a reliable indicator of protein-energy balance in dairy cows and it is affected by nutritional and some non-nutritional factors. The aim of this research was to determine the effect of farm size, season, and stage of lactation on concentration of urea, as well as its association with daily milk yield, milk fat and protein content. For that purpose, 6, 364 test- day records were collected for Simmental dairy cows from eight dairy farms during five years. Milk urea concentration and milk chemical composition was determined by infra-red spectrophotometric method by MilkoScan FT6000 and MilkoScan 4400. Smaller farms had significantly lower concentration of urea in milk (15.87 mg/dL) compare to larger dairy farms (22.98 mg/dL ; P<0.01). The concentration of milk urea produced during the fall and winter (18.69 mg/dL ; 18.27 mg/dL) was significantly lower than those produced during the spring and the summer (23.53 mg/dL ; 24.39 mg/dL ; P<0.01). Also, milk urea concentration produced in the 11th and 12th month of lactation (23.09 mg/dL ; 23.44 mg/dL) was significantly higher compared to earlier months of lactation (P<0.01). The lowest concentration of milk urea was recorded in the first and second month of lactation (19.74 mg/dL ; 19.26 mg/dL) when the daily milk production was the highest. There was a significant correlation between the concentration of milk urea and the level of daily milk production (0.139 ; P<0.01) and protein content (0.110 ; P <0.01), while the correlation between the content of milk urea and milk fat was not significant. Considering the indicator of concentration of milk urea in the total sample, only 26.59% cows consumed a balanced meal in terms of proteins and energy. Based on the study it can be concluded that the farm size, season and stage of lactation have a significant effect on the milk urea concentration what can be partly explained with the indirect influence of the feeding management of dairy cows. These results may be useful in improving the accuracy of models for controlling protein-energy balance in Simmental cows on dairy farms.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Poljoprivreda (agronomija)



POVEZANOST RADA


Ustanove
Agronomski fakultet, Zagreb